Disturbance Driven Colony Fragmentation as a Driver of a Coral Disease Outbreak Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/defaults/bk128c29h

This is the publisher’s final pdf. The published article is copyrighted by Public Library of Science and can be found at:  http://www.plos.org/.

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • In September of 2010, Brewer's Bay reef, located in St. Thomas (U.S. Virgin Islands), was simultaneously affected by abnormally high temperatures and the passage of a hurricane that resulted in the mass bleaching and fragmentation of its coral community. An outbreak of a rapid tissue loss disease among coral colonies was associated with these two disturbances. Gross lesion signs and lesion progression rates indicated that the disease was most similar to the Caribbean coral disease white plague type 1. Experiments indicated that the disease was transmissible through direct contact between colonies, and five-meter radial transects showed a clustered spatial distribution of disease, with diseased colonies being concentrated within the first meter of other diseased colonies. Disease prevalence and the extent to which colonies were bleached were both significantly higher on unattached colony fragments than on attached colonies, and disease occurred primarily on fragments found in direct contact with sediment. In contrast to other recent studies, disease presence was not related to the extent of bleaching on colonies. The results of this study suggest that colony fragmentation and contact with sediment played primary roles in the initial appearance of disease, but that the disease was capable of spreading among colonies, which suggests secondary transmission is possible through some other, unidentified mechanism.
Resource Type
DOI
Date Available
Date Issued
Citation
  • Brandt, M. E., Smith, T. B., Correa, A. M. S., & Vega-Thurber, R. (2013). Disturbance driven colony fragmentation as a driver of a coral disease outbreak. PloS One, 8(2), e57164. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057164
Academic Affiliation
Series
Keyword
Rights Statement
Funding Statement (additional comments about funding)
Publisher
Peer Reviewed
Language
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-05-22T16:38:18Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2 license_rdf: 1232 bytes, checksum: bb87e2fb4674c76d0d2e9ed07fbb9c86 (MD5) CorreaAdrienneMSMicrobiologyDisturbanceDrivenColony.pdf: 765416 bytes, checksum: d02d3acd9787d50fad1250b9970ae011 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2013-02-20
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deborah Campbell(deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-05-22T16:38:18Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 license_rdf: 1232 bytes, checksum: bb87e2fb4674c76d0d2e9ed07fbb9c86 (MD5) CorreaAdrienneMSMicrobiologyDisturbanceDrivenColony.pdf: 765416 bytes, checksum: d02d3acd9787d50fad1250b9970ae011 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deborah Campbell (deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-05-22T16:32:32Z No. of bitstreams: 2 license_rdf: 1232 bytes, checksum: bb87e2fb4674c76d0d2e9ed07fbb9c86 (MD5) CorreaAdrienneMSMicrobiologyDisturbanceDrivenColony.pdf: 765416 bytes, checksum: d02d3acd9787d50fad1250b9970ae011 (MD5)

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

Last modified

Downloadable Content

Download PDF

Items