Isolation of a methanogen from deep marine sediments that contain methane hydrates, and description of Methanoculleus submarinus sp. nov. Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/defaults/bn999824m

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • We isolated a methanogen from deep in the sediments of the Nankai Trough off the eastern coast of Japan. At the sampling site, the water was 950 m deep and the sediment core was collected at 247 m below the sediment surface. The isolated methanogen was named Nankai-1. Cells of Nankai-1 were nonmotile and highly irregular coccoids (average diameter, 0.8 to 2 μm) and grew with hydrogen or formate as a catabolic substrate. Cells required acetate as a carbon source. Yeast extract and peptones were not required but increased the growth rate. The cells were mesophilic, growing most rapidly at 45°C (no growth at ≤10°C or ≥55°C). Cells grew with a maximum specific growth rate of 2.43 day¯¹ at 45°C. Cells grew at pH values between 5.0 and 8.7 but did not grow at pH 4.7 or 9.0. Strain Nankai-1 grew in a wide range of salinities, from 0.1 to 1.5MNa+. The described phenotypic characteristics of this novel isolate were consistent with the in situ environment of the Nankai Trough. This is the first report of a methanogenic isolate from methane hydrate-bearing sediments. Phylogenetic analysis of its 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that it is most closely related to Methanoculleus marisnigri (99.1% sequence similarity), but DNA hybridization experiments indicated a DNA sequence similarity of only 49%. Strain Nankai-1 was also found to be phenotypically similar to M. marisnigri, but two major phenotypic differences were found: strain Nankai-1 does not require peptones, and it grows fastest at a much higher temperature. We propose a new species, Methanoculleus submarinus, with strain Nankai-1 as the type strain.
Resource Type
DOI
Date Available
Date Issued
Citation
  • Boone, D. R., Colwell, F. S., Delwiche, M., Liu, Y., and Mikucki, J. A., (2003). Isolation of a methanogen from deep marine sediments that contain methane hydrates, and description of Methanoculleus submarines sp. nov. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 69(6), 3311-3316.
Series
Rights Statement
Publisher
Language
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Linda Kathman(linda.kathman@oregonstate.edu) on 2010-06-01T22:16:50Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Mikucki_et_al_Appl_Environ_Microbiol_2003.pdf: 431165 bytes, checksum: 67c15bb9c09a8e3fd1500561040cfd38 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2010-06-01T22:16:50Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Mikucki_et_al_Appl_Environ_Microbiol_2003.pdf: 431165 bytes, checksum: 67c15bb9c09a8e3fd1500561040cfd38 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2003-06
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Mary Phan (mpscanner@gmail.com) on 2010-06-01T22:12:06Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Mikucki_et_al_Appl_Environ_Microbiol_2003.pdf: 431165 bytes, checksum: 67c15bb9c09a8e3fd1500561040cfd38 (MD5)

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

Last modified

Downloadable Content

Download PDF

Items