Runoff generation in a steep, tropical montane cloud forest catchment on permeable volcanic substrate Public Deposited

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  • Most studies to date in the humid tropics have described a similar pattern of rapid translation of rainfall to runoff via overland flow and shallow subsurface stormflow. However, study sites have been few overall, and one particular system has received very little attention so far: tropical montane cloud forests (TMCF) on volcanic substrate. While TMCFs provide critical ecosystem services, our understanding of runoff generation processes in these environments is limited. Here, we present a study aimed at identifying the dominant water sources and pathways and mean residence times of soil water and streamflow for a first-order, TMCF catchment on volcanic substrate in central eastern Mexico. During a 6-week wetting-up cycle in the 2009 wet season, total rainfall was 1200 mm and storm event runoff ratios increased progressively from 11 to 54%. With the increasing antecedent wetness conditions, our isotope and chemical- based hydrograph separation analysis showed increases of pre-event water contributions to the storm hydrograph, from 35 to 99%. Stable isotope-based mean residence times estimates showed that soil water aged only vertically through the soil profile from 5 weeks at 30 cm depth to 6 months at 120 cm depth. A preliminary estimate of 3 years was obtained for base flow residence time. These findings all suggest that shallow lateral pathways are not the controlling processes in this tropical forest catchment; rather, the high permeability of soils and substrate lead to vertical rainfall percolation and recharge of deeper layers, and rainfall-runoff responses appeared to be dominated by groundwater discharge from within the hillslope.
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  • Runoff generation in a steep, tropical montane cloud forest catchment on permeable volcanic substrate by Muñoz-Villers, Lyssette E and McDonnell, Jeffrey J. Water Resources Research (0043-1397), 09/2012, Volume 48, Issue 9
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deborah Campbell (deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-11-01T14:57:17Z No. of bitstreams: 1 MunozVillersLyssetteEForestEngineeringResourcesManagementRunoffGenerationSteep.pdf: 1749748 bytes, checksum: ab26740f420ec01ab2dd4a8c781dc39a (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-11-01T16:45:07Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 MunozVillersLyssetteEForestEngineeringResourcesManagementRunoffGenerationSteep.pdf: 1749748 bytes, checksum: ab26740f420ec01ab2dd4a8c781dc39a (MD5) Previous issue date: 2012-09-20
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deborah Campbell(deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-11-01T16:45:07Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 MunozVillersLyssetteEForestEngineeringResourcesManagementRunoffGenerationSteep.pdf: 1749748 bytes, checksum: ab26740f420ec01ab2dd4a8c781dc39a (MD5)

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