Characteristics of cloud-nucleating aerosols in the Indian Ocean region Public Deposited

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Copyright 2001 by the American Geophysical Union

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  • During the Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX), cloud droplets were collected and evaporated using a counterflow virtual impactor (CVI). The nonvolatile residual particles were then analyzed by various instruments. Physical and chemical properties of the below-cloud aerosol to evaluate which aerosol particles act as cloud nuclei in different environments, and their effects on cloud microphysics. Four cases, ranging from clean Southern Hemispheric clouds to heavily polluted clouds near India, were analyzed. For the cleaner clouds, droplet concentrations were much higher fraction of the available particle concentrations than for polluted clouds, but entertainment apparently acted to reduce droplet number concentrations in both regimes. For clean clouds the median critical supersaturation and size of the ambient particles and droplets residual particles were similar. In polluted clouds there were stringer differences between ambient and droplet residual distributions, and particles with lower critical supersaturations were favored as nuclei. Simple model calculations were used to show that polluted clouds are expected to achieve lower water supersaturations than clean clouds; thus only particles with relatively low critical supersaturations are likely to affect clouds in polluted regions. Soluble fractions for the ambient aerosol inferred from the size and cloud in polluted regions. Soluble fractions for the ambient aerosol inferred from the size and cloud condensation nuclei measurements were in general agreement with another study in the region. Droplet residual particles did not necessarily have higher soluble fractions than the ambient aerosol, but did tend to have higher total amounts of soluble per particle, particularly in the polluted cases.
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  • Twohy, C. H. , Hudson, J. G., Yum, S. S., Anderson, J. R,. Durlak, S. K., and Baumgardner, D., 2001, Characteristics of cloud nucleating aerosols in the Indian Ocean region: J. Geophys. Res., v. 106, p. 28,699-28,710.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Linda Kathman(linda.kathman@oregonstate.edu) on 2010-04-21T16:28:20Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Twohy et al JGR 2001.pdf: 1154929 bytes, checksum: 86a9d33409750df6b58f5c4660d952ba (MD5)
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  • Journal of Geophysical Research
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2010-04-21T16:28:20Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Twohy et al JGR 2001.pdf: 1154929 bytes, checksum: 86a9d33409750df6b58f5c4660d952ba (MD5) Previous issue date: 2001-11-27
  • Vol. 106 (2001)

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