An Evaluation of the Influence of Stock Origin and Outmigration History on the Disease Susceptibility and Survival of Juvenile Chinook Salmon Public Deposited

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  • Various methods have been developed to mitigate the adverse effects of the Federal Columbia River Power System on juvenile Pacific salmon out-migrating through the Columbia River basin. In this study, we found that hatchery-reared spring Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha in the river are in varying degrees of health, which may affect delayed mortality and the assessment of the effectiveness of management actions to recover listed stocks (e. g., barging fish downstream versus leaving fish in the river). A laboratory disease challenge with Listonella anguillarum was completed on fish from Rapid River Hatchery and Dworshak National Fish Hatchery (NFH) with different out-migration histories: (1) transported by barge, (2) removed from the river before barging, or (3) left to travel in-river. Barged fish from Rapid River Hatchery experienced less mortality than fish from Dworshak NFH. No statistical differences were found between the hatcheries with fish that had in-river out-migration histories. We suggest that the stressors and low survival associated with out-migration through the hydropower system eliminated any differences that could have been present. However, 18-25% of the fish that were barged or collected before barging died in the laboratory before the disease challenge, compared with less than 2% of those that traveled in-river. Owing to disproportionate prechallenge mortality, the disease-challenged populations may have been biased; thus, they were also considered together with the prechallenge mortalities. The synthesis of prechallenge and disease-challenged mortalities and health characteristics evaluated during out-migration indicated that the benefit of barging was not consistent between the hatcheries. This finding agrees with adult survival and delayed mortality estimates for the individual hatcheries determined fromadult returns. The results suggest that the health status of fish and their history before entering the hydropower system (hatchery of origin and out-migration path) are critical variables affecting the conclusions drawn from studies that evaluate mitigation strategies.
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  • Dietrich, J. P., Boylen, D. A., Thompson, D. E., Loboschefsky, E. J., Bravo, C. F., Spangenberg, D. K., & Ylitalo, G. M. (2011, March). An Evaluation of the Influence of Stock Origin and Outmigration History on the Disease Susceptibility and Survival of Juvenile Chinook Salmon. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health, 23(1), 35-47.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Judy Mullen (judy.mullen@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-10-21T22:37:12Z No. of bitstreams: 1 AnEvaluationOfTheInfluenceOfStockOrigin.pdf: 631074 bytes, checksum: c9895ca89002156fbdd21032d05ebd25 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2011-11-03T15:35:13Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 AnEvaluationOfTheInfluenceOfStockOrigin.pdf: 631074 bytes, checksum: c9895ca89002156fbdd21032d05ebd25 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2011-03
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Sue Kunda(sue.kunda@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-11-03T15:35:13Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 AnEvaluationOfTheInfluenceOfStockOrigin.pdf: 631074 bytes, checksum: c9895ca89002156fbdd21032d05ebd25 (MD5)

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