Swash zone sediment suspension and transport and the importance of bore-generated turbulence Public Deposited

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  • A study of swash zone sediment transport was conducted at Gleneden Beach, Oregon during February 25-28, 1994. The data collected included suspended sediment concentration (SSC), sea surface elevation, and velocity (initially 4 and 8 cm above the bed) at three cross-shore locations within the swash zone spanning high tides. Ensemble averages of 6, 9, and 12 s duration swash events showed that the uprush suspension was high, concentrated in the leading edge, and nearly vertically uniform above the lower 1-2 cm of the water column. Shortly after the sensors were inundated by run-up, the sediment rapidly settled out of the water. During flow reversal the SSC was small but increased again in the backwash. Backwash vertical profiles were markedly different from uprush profiles with much of the suspension being confined to very near the bed where strong vertical gradients in SSC existed. These marked differences show that the backwash is not simply the reverse of the uprush, implying significant differences in the underlying fluid dynamics and sediment transport mechanisms. Backwash sediment suspension increased with flow duration. However, ensemble-averaged SSC profiles of varying duration showed that the backwash concentrations were not consistent at the same temporal phases, which suggests that water depth, in addition to flow duration, may be a controlling factor. Strong cross-shore gradients in SSC suggest that bore-derived turbulence may affect local sediment transport. Specifically, our data show this bore-generated turbulence (turbulent kinetic energy) directly influences local sediment suspension, hence, standard bed shear (Bagnold-type) sediment transport models may no longer be valid in the vicinity of the bore. In the vicinity of the bore a higher correlation between bore-generated turbulence and suspended sediment transport was found than between a Bagnold-type formulation and suspended sediment transport.
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  • Allen, J. S., Beach, R. A., Holman, R. A., Puleo, J. A., Swash zone sediment suspension and transport and the importance of bore-generated turbulence, J. Geophys. Res., 105, C7, 2000.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Mary Phan (mpscanner@gmail.com) on 2010-05-04T21:21:08Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Puleo et al JGR 2000.pdf: 6538515 bytes, checksum: 869f9f557fcb07b34e07ce1a4769b23f (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Linda Kathman(linda.kathman@oregonstate.edu) on 2010-05-10T20:53:05Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Puleo et al JGR 2000.pdf: 6538515 bytes, checksum: 869f9f557fcb07b34e07ce1a4769b23f (MD5)
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