Vailulu’u Seamount, Samoa: Life and death on an active submarine volcano Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/defaults/ft848r91v

This is the publisher’s final pdf. The published article is copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America and can be found at:  http://www.pnas.org/.

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • Submersible exploration of the Samoan hotspot revealed a new, 300-m-tall, volcanic cone, named Nafanua, in the summit crater of Vailulu’u seamount. Nafanua grew from the 1,000-m-deep crater floor in <4 years and could reach the sea surface within decades. Vents fill Vailulu’u crater with a thick suspension of particulates and apparently toxic fluids that mix with seawater entering from the crater breaches. Low-temperature vents form Fe oxide chimneys in many locations and up to 1-m-thick layers of hydrothermal Fe floc on Nafanua. High-temperature (81°C) hydrothermal vents in the northern moat (945-m water depth) produce acidic fluids (pH 2.7) with rising droplets of (probably) liquid CO₂. The Nafanua summit vent area is inhabited by a thriving population of eels (Dysommina rugosa) that feed on midwater shrimp probably concentrated by anticyclonic currents at the volcano summit and rim. The moat and crater floor around the new volcano are littered with dead metazoans that apparently died from exposure to hydrothermal emissions. Acid-tolerant polychaetes (Polynoidae) live in this environment, apparently feeding on bacteria from decaying fish carcasses. Vailulu’u is an unpredictable and very active underwater volcano presenting a potential long-term volcanic hazard. Although eels thrive in hydrothermal vents at the summit of Nafanua, venting elsewhere in the crater causes mass mortality. Paradoxically, the same anticyclonic currents that deliver food to the eels may also concentrate a wide variety of nektonic animals in a death trap of toxic hydrothermal fluids.
Resource Type
DOI
Date Available
Date Issued
Citation
  • Staudigel, H., Hart, S. R., Pile, A., Bailey, B. E., Baker, E. T., Brooke, S., et al. (2006, April 25). Vailulu’u Seamount, Samoa: Life and death on an active submarine volcano [Electronic version]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103(17), 6448-6453. doi:10.1073/pnas.0600830103
Series
Keyword
Rights Statement
Funding Statement (additional comments about funding)
Publisher
Peer Reviewed
Language
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-01-17T23:42:15Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 KoppersAnthony.CEOAS.VailuluuSeamountSamoa.pdf: 5599527 bytes, checksum: 4b3cb8e91e8d54f7008935f4b23aaf31 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2006-04-25
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deanne Bruner (deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-01-17T23:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 KoppersAnthony.CEOAS.VailuluuSeamountSamoa.pdf: 5599527 bytes, checksum: 4b3cb8e91e8d54f7008935f4b23aaf31 (MD5)

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 07/25/2017

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley

Items