Surface temperature lapse rates over complex terrain: Lessons from the Cascade Mountains Public Deposited

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  • The typically sparse distribution of weather stations in mountainous terrain inadequately resolves temperature variability. Accordingly, high‐resolution gridding of climate data (for applications such as hydrological modeling) often relies on assumptions such as a constant surface temperature lapse rate (i.e., decrease of surface temperature with altitude) of 6.5°C km⁻¹. Using an example of the Cascade Mountains, we describe the temporal and spatial variability of the surface temperature lapse rate, combining data from: (1) COOP stations, (2) nearby radiosonde launches, (3) a temporary dense network of sensors, (4) forecasts from the MM5 regional model, and (5) PRISM geo‐statistical analyses. On the windward side of the range, the various data sources reveal annual mean lapse rates of 3.9–5.2°C km⁻¹, substantially smaller than the often‐assumed 6.5°C km⁻¹. The data sets show similar seasonal and diurnal variability, with lapse rates smallest (2.5–3.5°C km⁻¹) in late‐summer minimum temperatures, and largest (6.5–7.5°C km⁻¹) in spring maximum temperatures. Geographic (windward versus lee side) differences in lapse rates are found to be substantial. Using a simple runoff model, we show the appreciable implications of these results for hydrological modeling.
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  • Minder, J. R., P. W. Mote, and J. D. Lundquist (2010), Surface temperature lapse rates over complex terrain: Lessons from the Cascade Mountains, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D14122, doi:10.1029/2009JD013493.
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  • Journal of Geophysical Research
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Sue Kunda(sue.kunda@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-09-23T21:42:56Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 MotePhilip.COAS.SurfaceTemperatureLapse.pdf: 737490 bytes, checksum: 53faa2d2c66d6bfb380dbf6221c7c2f0 (MD5)
  • Vol. 115 (2010)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deborah Campbell (deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-09-21T21:17:34Z No. of bitstreams: 1 MotePhilip.COAS.SurfaceTemperatureLapse.pdf: 737490 bytes, checksum: 53faa2d2c66d6bfb380dbf6221c7c2f0 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2011-09-23T21:42:56Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 MotePhilip.COAS.SurfaceTemperatureLapse.pdf: 737490 bytes, checksum: 53faa2d2c66d6bfb380dbf6221c7c2f0 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2010-07-30

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