Helium isotope variations in Juan de Fuca ridge basalts Public Deposited

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  • We have measured ³He/⁴He ratios and He and Ne concentrations on a suite of 24 basalt glasses from the neovolcanic zone of the Juan de Fuca Ridge (JdFR) from 44.6°N near the Blanco Transform up to 48.0°N on the Endeavour Segment. The helium isotope ratios exhibit a clear geographic variation, with relatively constant values of 7.8 RA along the southern JdFR increasing to a maximum of 8.8 RA at 46.9°N on the Cobb Segment, and then dropping to values of ~8.0 RA at the Cobb Offset. Ratios along the Endeavour Segment further north are somewhat higher, averaging ~8.2 RA. Basalts dredged from Axial Seamount have ³He/⁴He = 7.9-8.4 R, indicating that the seamount does not have a geochemical or isotopic signature distinct from other portions of the JdFR. This confirms that while Axial Seamount is the locus of excess magma generation, it is devoid of any hotspot or ocean island basalt geochemical signature. For the whole sample set, ³He/⁴He ratios show a negative signature. For the whole sample set, ³He/⁴He ratios show a negative correlation with ⁸⁷Sr/⁸⁶Sr. We attribute the geographical variations in ³He/⁴He to broad-scale heterogeneity in the mantle source region beneath the JdFR. Beginning at Axial Seamont and further north, ³He/⁴He shows a positive correlation with Fe₈.₀₊ suggesting that melting dynamics in the underlying mantle may exert some control on the helium isotope ratios along part of our survey area.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by David Moynihan (dmscanner@gmail.com) on 2010-05-17T19:56:03Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Lupton_et_al_GRL_1993.pdf: 1140523 bytes, checksum: 46b726a74f321236202537f5c697ac37 (MD5)
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Linda Kathman(linda.kathman@oregonstate.edu) on 2010-05-17T20:58:09Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Lupton_et_al_GRL_1993.pdf: 1140523 bytes, checksum: 46b726a74f321236202537f5c697ac37 (MD5)
  • Geophysical Research Letters
  • Vol. 20 (1993)

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