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Modeling Bottom Mixed Layer Variability on the Mid-Oregon Shelf during Summer Upwelling Public Deposited

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  • Results from a model of wind-driven circulation are analyzed to study spatial and temporal variability in the bottom mixed layer (BML) on the mid-Oregon shelf in summer 2001. The model assimilates acoustic Doppler profiler velocities from two cross-shore lines of moorings 90 km apart to provide improved accuracy of near-bottom velocities and turbulence variables in the area between the mooring lines. Model results suggest that the response of the BML thickness to upwelling- and downwelling-favorable winds differs qualitatively between an area of “simple” bathymetric slope at 45°N and a wider shelf area east of Stonewall Bank (44.5°N). At 45°N, the BML grows in response to downwelling-favorable conditions, in agreement with known theories. East of Stonewall Bank, the BML thickness is increased following upwelling events. In this area, the southward upwelling jet detaches from the coast and flows over a wider part of the Oregon shelf, creating conditions for Ekman pumping near the bottom. Based on computations of bottom stress curl, the vertical pumping velocity in this area may reach 15 m day⁻¹ following periods of intensified upwelling-favorable winds. A column of denser, near-bottom water upwelled over the Ekman flow convergence area is tilted as a result of vertical shear in horizontal velocities, causing unstable stratification and convective overturning. As a result of this process, BML thickness values east of Stonewall Bank can be in excess of 20 m following upwelling, comparable to maximum values at 45°N following downwelling.
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  • Kurapov, A. L., J. S. Allen, G. D. Egbert, R. N. Miller, 2005: Modeling Bottom Mixed Layer Variability on the Mid-Oregon Shelf during Summer Upwelling. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 35, 1629–1649.
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  • This research was supported by the Office of Naval Research Ocean Modeling and Prediction Program under Grant N00014-98-1-0043, the National Science Foundation (NSF) Coastal Ocean Processes program under Grant OCE-9907854, and the NSF GLOBEC Program under Grant OCE-0000733.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deborah Campbell (deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-01-25T18:16:53Z No. of bitstreams: 1 KurapovAL.CEOAS.ModelingBottomMixed.pdf: 5418978 bytes, checksum: f499af7ea06bfc98960ebb2971a4d5ca (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-01-25T18:16:53Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 KurapovAL.CEOAS.ModelingBottomMixed.pdf: 5418978 bytes, checksum: f499af7ea06bfc98960ebb2971a4d5ca (MD5) Previous issue date: 2005-09

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