Evaluation of the effects of silvicultural and fuels treatments on potential fire behaviour in Sierra Nevada mixed-conifer forests Public Deposited

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  • Fire suppression has increased fuel loads and fuel continuity in mixed-conifer ecosystems, resulting in forest structures that are vulnerable to catastrophic fire. This paper models fire behaviour in a mixed-conifer forest and investigates how silvicultural and fuels treatments affect potential fire behaviour. The computer program FARSITE was used to spatially and temporally model fire growth and behaviour. Fire modelling was performed in the North Crane Creek watershed of Yosemite National Park. Treatments were simulated by adjusting fuel (total load, load-by-size class, depth.) height-to-live crown base, tree height, and crown density parameters. Treatments modeled included prescribed burn, pile and burn, cut and scatter, thinning and biomass, thinning and biomass followed by prescribed burn, and salvage or group selection harvest with and without slash and landscape-level fuel treatment. The prescribed burn, thinning and biomassing followed by prescribed burn, and salvage or group selection with slash and landscape fuel treatments resulted in the lowest average fireline intensities, heat per unit area, rate of spread, area burned, and scorch heights. Cut and scatter, salvage or group selection treatments that do not treat slash fuels resulted in fire behaviour that is more extreme than the untreated forest. Restoration of mixed-conifer ecosystems must include an examination of how proposed treatments affect fuel structures. Combinations of prescribed fire and/or mechanical treatments can be used to reduce wildfire hazard.
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  • Stephens, S. L. (1998). Evaluation of the effects of silvicultural and fuels treatments on potential fire behaviour in Sierra Nevada mixed-conifer forests [Electronic version]. Forest Ecology and Management, 105(1-3), 21-35.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Bonnie Avery(bonnie.avery@oregonstate.edu) on 2010-08-02T19:49:05Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Evaluation of the effects of silvicultural.pdf: 559293 bytes, checksum: 82420032b59f1e3a6ddcb0847adcad84 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by David Moynihan (dmscanner@gmail.com) on 2010-08-02T18:58:50Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Evaluation of the effects of silvicultural.pdf: 559293 bytes, checksum: 82420032b59f1e3a6ddcb0847adcad84 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2010-08-02T19:49:05Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Evaluation of the effects of silvicultural.pdf: 559293 bytes, checksum: 82420032b59f1e3a6ddcb0847adcad84 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1998-06-15

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