The Vertical Structure of Linear Coastal-Trapped Disturbances Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/defaults/n583z073k

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  • The vertical structure of coastal-trapped disturbances in several idealized models of a stably stratified lower atmosphere is examined. The vertical structure and phase speeds of the trapped modes depend on the resting stratification and the height of the orographic step. The presence of a stable layer above the boundary layer inversion increases the gravest-mode phase speed and supports the existence of higher vertical modes. Trapped wave solutions for the step orography are obtained for a lower atmosphere with constant buoyancy frequency. The modes are primarily concentrated below the step but penetrate weakly into the stratified region above the step. The phase speed of the gravest trapped mode is greater than the gravest-mode Kelvin wave speed based on the height of the step. Results from a linear two-layer model suggest that the observed vertical structure of isotherms at the leading edge of a 10–11 June 1994 event may arise during a transition from a directly forced, barotropic, alongshore velocity response to a regime influenced by wave propagation, as the coastal-trapped vertical modes excited by the mesoscale pressure gradients begin to disperse at their respective phase speeds. The results suggest also that the observed vertical structure of alongshore velocity, with largest velocities in the stable layer above the boundary layer, may arise from drag at the sea surface.
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  • Samelson, R. M., 1999: The Vertical Structure of Linear Coastal-Trapped Disturbances. Monthly Weather Review, 127(2), 201–213.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Sue Kunda(sue.kunda@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-12-28T23:05:57Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 SamelsonRM.CEOAS.TheVerticalStructure.pdf: 219276 bytes, checksum: d30e91e57386bd1026112d91594e068e (MD5)
  • Vol. 127 no. 2
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deborah Campbell (deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-12-06T00:04:34Z No. of bitstreams: 1 SamelsonRM.CEOAS.TheVerticalStructure.pdf: 219276 bytes, checksum: d30e91e57386bd1026112d91594e068e (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2011-12-28T23:05:57Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 SamelsonRM.CEOAS.TheVerticalStructure.pdf: 219276 bytes, checksum: d30e91e57386bd1026112d91594e068e (MD5) Previous issue date: 1999-02
  • Monthly Weather Review

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