Microbiological comparison of surface soil and unsaturated subsurface soil from a semiarid high desert Public Deposited

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  • Thirty-two chemoheterotrophic bacteria were isolated from unsaturated subsurface soil samples obtained from ca. 70 m below land surface in a high desert in southeastern Idaho. Most isolates were gram positive (84%) and strict aerobes (79%). Acridine orange direct counts of microbes in one subsurface sample showed lower numbers than similar counts performed on surface soils from the same location (ca. 5 x 10⁵ versus 2 x 10⁶ cells per g [dry weight] of soil), but higher numbers than those from plate counts performed on the subsurface material. Another sample taken from the same depth at another location showed no evidence of colonies under identical conditions. Soil analyses indicated that subsurface sediments versus surface soils were slightly alkaline (pH 7.9 versus 7.4), had a higher water content (25.7 versus 6.3%), and had lower organic carbon concentrations (0.05 to 0.17 versus 0.25% of soil dry weight). Analyses of biologically relevant gases from the unsaturated subsurface indicated an aerobic environment. As in other unsaturated soil environments, either a high proportion of bacteria in these subsurface sediments are not viable or they are incapable of growth on conventional media under aerobic conditions. The presence and numbers of bacteria in these deep sediments may be influenced by colonization opportunities afforded by periodic percolation of surface water through fractures in overlying strata.
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  • Colwell, F. S., (1989) Microbiological comparison of surface soil and unsaturated subsurface soil from a semiarid high desert. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 55(9), 2420-2423.
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  • Applied and Environmental Microbiology
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Mary Phan (mpscanner@gmail.com) on 2010-06-01T20:58:25Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Colwell_Appl_Environ_Microbiol_1989.pdf: 685123 bytes, checksum: b563253287d3bd7c62c648e8ec3314cc (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Linda Kathman(linda.kathman@oregonstate.edu) on 2010-06-01T22:14:43Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Colwell_Appl_Environ_Microbiol_1989.pdf: 685123 bytes, checksum: b563253287d3bd7c62c648e8ec3314cc (MD5)
  • Vol. 55 No. 9 (1989)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2010-06-01T22:14:43Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Colwell_Appl_Environ_Microbiol_1989.pdf: 685123 bytes, checksum: b563253287d3bd7c62c648e8ec3314cc (MD5) Previous issue date: 1989-09
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  • 0099-2240

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