Microbial communities from methane hydrate-bearing deep marine sediments in a forearc basin Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/defaults/nz806468x

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  • Microbial communities in cores obtained from methane hydrate-bearing deep marine sediments (down to more than 300 m below the seafloor) in the forearc basin of the Nankai Trough near Japan were characterized with cultivation-dependent and -independent techniques. Acridine orange direct count data indicated that cell numbers generally decreased with sediment depth. Lipid biomarker analyses indicated the presence of viable biomass at concentrations greater than previously reported for terrestrial subsurface environments at similar depths. Archaeal lipids were more abundant than bacterial lipids. Methane was produced from both acetate and hydrogen in enrichments inoculated with sediment from all depths evaluated, at both 10 and 35°C. Characterization of 16S rRNA genes amplified from the sediments indicated that archaeal clones could be discretely grouped within the Euryarchaeota and Crenarchaeota domains. The bacterial clones exhibited greater overall diversity than the archaeal clones, with sequences related to the Bacteroidetes, Planctomycetes, Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria, and green nonsulfur groups. The majority of the bacterial clones were either members of a novel lineage or most closely related to uncultured clones. The results of these analyses suggest that the microbial community in this environment is distinct from those in previously characterized methane hydrate-bearing sediments.
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  • Blackwelder, D. B., Colwell, F. S., Delwiche, M. E., Fujita, Y., Reed, D. W., Sheridan, P. P., and Uchida, T., (2002). Microbial communities from methane hydrate-bearing deep marine sediments in a forearc basin. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 68(8), 3759-3770.
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  • Applied and Environmental Microbiology
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2010-06-02T13:16:26Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Reed_et_al_Appl_Environ_Microbiol_2002.pdf: 283013 bytes, checksum: 68a56d4fd9e596613e1caaf61c25aef2 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2002-08
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Linda Kathman(linda.kathman@oregonstate.edu) on 2010-06-02T13:16:26Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Reed_et_al_Appl_Environ_Microbiol_2002.pdf: 283013 bytes, checksum: 68a56d4fd9e596613e1caaf61c25aef2 (MD5)
  • Vol. 68 No. 8 (2002)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Mary Phan (mpscanner@gmail.com) on 2010-06-01T22:18:49Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Reed_et_al_Appl_Environ_Microbiol_2002.pdf: 283013 bytes, checksum: 68a56d4fd9e596613e1caaf61c25aef2 (MD5)

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