Length Bias Correction in Gene Ontology Enrichment Analysis Using Logistic Regression Public Deposited

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  • When assessing differential gene expression from RNA sequencing data, commonly used statistical tests tend to have greater power to detect differential expression of genes encoding longer transcripts. This phenomenon, called "length bias", will influence subsequent analyses such as Gene Ontology enrichment analysis. In the presence of length bias, Gene Ontology categories that include longer genes are more likely to be identified as enriched. These categories, however, are not necessarily biologically more relevant. We show that one can effectively adjust for length bias in Gene Ontology analysis by including transcript length as a covariate in a logistic regression model. The logistic regression model makes the statistical issue underlying length bias more transparent: transcript length becomes a confounding factor when it correlates with both the Gene Ontology membership and the significance of the differential expression test. The inclusion of the transcript length as a covariate allows one to investigate the direct correlation between the Gene Ontology membership and the significance of testing differential expression, conditional on the transcript length. We present both real and simulated data examples to show that the logistic regression approach is simple, effective, and flexible.
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  • Mi G, Di Y, Emerson S, Cumbie JS, Chang JH (2012) Length Bias Correction in Gene Ontology Enrichment Analysis Using Logistic Regression. PLoS ONE 7(10): e46128. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0046128
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deborah Campbell(deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-02-13T17:48:50Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 22765 bytes, checksum: 56265f5776a16a05899187d30899c530 (MD5) license_text: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5) MiGuStatisticsLengthBiasCorrection.pdf: 524581 bytes, checksum: 9f397caf09a40ed782d80f656a15d5f4 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-02-13T17:48:50Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 22765 bytes, checksum: 56265f5776a16a05899187d30899c530 (MD5) license_text: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5) MiGuStatisticsLengthBiasCorrection.pdf: 524581 bytes, checksum: 9f397caf09a40ed782d80f656a15d5f4 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2012-10-02
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deborah Campbell (deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-02-13T16:41:33Z No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 22765 bytes, checksum: 56265f5776a16a05899187d30899c530 (MD5) license_text: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5) MiGuStatisticsLengthBiasCorrection.pdf: 524581 bytes, checksum: 9f397caf09a40ed782d80f656a15d5f4 (MD5)

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