Daily and alternate day supplementation of urea or soybean meal to ruminants consuming low-quality cool-season forage: II. Effects on ruminal fermentation Public Deposited

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  • Five ruminally cannulated steers (initial BW=464 ± 26 kg) consuming low-quality forage (5% CP; 78% NDF; DM basis) were used in an incomplete 5 x 4 Latin square with four 18-d periods to determine the influence of supplemental N source and supplementation frequency (SF) on ruminal fermentation dynamics. Treatments, arranged as a 2 x 2 factorial with a negative control, consisted of urea or soybean meal (SBM) supplements offered daily (D) or alternate days (2D) plus an unsupplemented treatment (CON). Urea supplements were provided to meet 100% of the degradable intake protein requirement while SBM supplements were provided on an isonitrogenous basis. All supplemented treatments received an equal quantity of supplemental N over a 2-d period. Ruminal indigestible acid detergent fiber (IADF) passage rate was increased with supplementation (P ≤ 0.03) on the days when D and 2D supplements were provided, as well as when only D supplements were provided. In contrast, ruminal liquid fill and dilution rate were not affected by supplementation, N source, or SF on the days when D and 2D supplements were provided (P ≥ 0.24). However, when only D supplements were offered, ruminal liquid dilution rate was greater (P=0.03) for SBM supplemented steers compared with cohorts receiving supplemental urea, whereas ruminal liquid fill was greater (P=0.03) for steers fed urea supplements. Nitrogen supplementation increased (P < 0.01) ruminal NH3-N by 122% and 70%, compared with the CON, on the days when both D and 2D supplements were provided and when only D supplements were provided, respectively. We noted a N source x SF interaction for ruminal NH₃-N on the days when D and 2D supplements were provided (P=0.02), as well as when only D supplements were provided (P < 0.01). On the days when D and 2D supplements were provided, urea increased NH₃-N by 61% (2.93 vs. 4.73 mM for D and 2D, respectively), whereas the increase in NH₃-N with SBM was only 15% (2.23 vs. 2.58 mM for D and 2D, respectively). However, when only D supplements were provided, NH₃-N was almost 36% less for the 2D compared with the D urea treatment (2.76 vs. 1.81 mM, respectively), whereas an 11% increase was noted for SBM 2D compared with SBM D (1.99 vs. 1.79 mM, respectively). Total concentration of VFA was increased on the days when both D and 2D supplements were provided (P=0.03), but not influenced by treatments on the days when only D supplements were provided (P >= 0.50). In summary, providing a urea-based supplement, as infrequently as every-other-day, was an effective alternative to a SBM-based supplement in maintaining acceptable ruminal fermentation of steers consuming low-quality, cool-season forage. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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  • Cappellozza, B., Bohnert, D., Schauer, C., Falck, S., Vanzant, E., Harmon, D., & Cooke, R. (2013). Daily and alternate day supplementation of urea or soybean meal to ruminants consuming low-quality cool-season forage: II. effects on ruminal fermentation. Livestock Science, 155(2-3), 214-222. doi:10.1016/j.livsci.2013.05.002
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deborah Campbell(deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-09-05T18:47:45Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 CappellozzaBIAnimalScienceDailyAlternateDayII.pdf: 488750 bytes, checksum: 1c3e3702cce043ca51df93509ac4955f (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deborah Campbell (deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-09-05T18:46:36Z No. of bitstreams: 1 CappellozzaBIAnimalScienceDailyAlternateDayII.pdf: 488750 bytes, checksum: 1c3e3702cce043ca51df93509ac4955f (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-09-05T18:47:45Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 CappellozzaBIAnimalScienceDailyAlternateDayII.pdf: 488750 bytes, checksum: 1c3e3702cce043ca51df93509ac4955f (MD5) Previous issue date: 2013-08

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