The response to forced decompression in six species of Pacific rockfish Public Deposited

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  • Pacific rockfish experience high discard mortality when captured owing to a condition called barotrauma,which is caused by the change in pressure during capture. This condition appears to be species specific at the macroscopic level; however, little is known about the microscopic tissue-level effects of barotrauma. Determining whether tissue-level injuries are also species specific or influenced by factors such as life history and phylogenetic relatedness can improve our management of discard mortality. We evaluated the responses of six species of Pacific rockfish (black rockfish Sebastes melanops, blue rockfish S. mystinus, yellowtail rockfish S. flavidus, quillback rockfish S. maliger, canary rockfish S. pinniger, and yelloweye rockfish S. ruberrimus) captured from varying depths to forced decompression at the histological level (heart ventricle, rete mirabile, head kidney, liver, gill, and eye) as well as the macroscopic level. At the macroscopic level we focused on injuries caused by barotrauma, namely, everted esophaguses, exophthalmia, ocular emphysema, and ruptured swim bladders. Yellowtail and quillback rockfish experienced the fewest macroscopic injuries. Depth of capture influenced the presence of exophthalmia in quillback rockfish and ocular emphysema in quillback and yelloweye rockfish. Tissue injuries as a result of forced decompression included emphysema in the heart ventricle, emboli in the vessels of the rete mirabile, and emboli in the vessels of the head kidney. No injuries were observed at the histological level in the liver, gill, or eye owing to barotrauma. We could not detect a difference in the tissue-level response to barotrauma among the six species, suggesting that all species are susceptible to high internal gas pressure during forced decompression.
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  • Pribyl, A. L., Kent, M. L., Parker, S. J., & Schreck, C. B. (2011, March). The response to forced decompression in six species of Pacific rockfish. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 140(2), 374-383.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Judy Mullen (judy.mullen@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-08-19T00:09:18Z No. of bitstreams: 1 TheResponseToForcedDecompression.pdf: 376434 bytes, checksum: 37409ef3cfb27042b1680e8b0c748d39 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Sue Kunda(sue.kunda@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-08-19T00:19:48Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 TheResponseToForcedDecompression.pdf: 376434 bytes, checksum: 37409ef3cfb27042b1680e8b0c748d39 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2011-08-19T00:19:49Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 TheResponseToForcedDecompression.pdf: 376434 bytes, checksum: 37409ef3cfb27042b1680e8b0c748d39 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2011-03

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