Energy: Converting from acoustic to biological resource units Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/defaults/rn301278v

Copyright 2002 Acoustical Society of America. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the Acoustical Society of America. The following article appeared in J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 111(5): 2070-2075 (2002), and may be found at  http://link.aip.org/link/?JAS/111/2070. Permalink at  http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1382620.

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  • Acoustic backscattering strength is often used as an index of biomass; however, the relationship between these variables has not been directly validated. Relationships were investigated between acoustic cross section at 200 kHz, measured as part of a previous study, and measured values of length, biovolume, dry weight, ash-free dry weight, and caloric content of the same individual specimens. Animals were part of the Hawaiian mesopelagic boundary community and included shrimps, squids, and myctophid fishes. The strong relationships found between all the variables measured make it possible to approximate any one variable from the measured values of others within a class of animals. The data show that for these midwater animals, acoustic scattering can be used as an index of biomass. Dorsal-aspect acoustic cross section at 200 kHz predicted dry weight and ash-free dry weight at least as well as did body length, a standard predictor. Dorsal-aspect acoustic cross section at 200 kHz was also a strong predictor of total caloric content. The relationship between dorsal-aspect acoustic cross section and caloric content of Hawaiian mesopelagic animals was linear and additive. Consequently, it is possible to directly convert acoustic energy from these animals to organic resource units without having knowledge of the size distribution of the populations being studied.
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  • J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 111:2070-2075, DOI: 10.1121/1.1470505
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  • I. Introduction II. Methods III. Results IV. Discussion and Conclusions V. Acknowledgements
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Kelly Benoit-Bird(kbenoit@coas.oregonstate.edu) on 2009-09-24T17:23:50Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 JAcoustSociety2002.pdf: 107520 bytes, checksum: ac52e9446c1034053dc3216c7de09017 (MD5)
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Linda Lamb (llamb@coas.oregonstate.edu) on 2009-09-24T17:18:05Z No. of bitstreams: 1 JAcoustSociety2002.pdf: 107520 bytes, checksum: ac52e9446c1034053dc3216c7de09017 (MD5)
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  • 0001-4966

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