Genetic variation in drought hardiness of coastal Douglas-fir seedlings from British Columbia Public Deposited

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  • Abstract: Genetic variation in drought hardiness traits and their genetic correlations with growth potential and17re1c6overy traits were investigated in 39 full-sib families of coastal Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) from southwestern British Columbia. Seedlings of these families were grown in raised nursery beds and subjected to three moisture regimes each in the second (well-watered or control, mild, and moderate drought) and third (control, severe drought, and recovery from second-year moderate drought) seasons. Traits assessed included drought hardiness (foliage damage, cavitation of xylem tracheids, xylem hydraulic conductivity, and height and diameter growth increment) in the drought treatments, growth potential (total height and diameter) in the control treatment, and height and diameter growth increments in the recovery treatment. Xylem cavitation in the growth ring produced in a particular year was nearly three times greater under the moderate drought and four times greater under the severe drought than in the control treatment. Xylem hydraulic conductivity of seedlings in the severe drought treatment was 40% lower than conductivity of seedlings under the control treatment. Mean foliage damage in seedlings subjected to severe drought (third season) was much greater (33%) than in seedlings subjected to mild or moderate drought (second season). Families differed significantly in most drought hardiness traits, with individual tree heritabilities averaging 0.19. Thus, much potential exists for identifying drought-hardy families at the seedling stage and using this information for deployment or breeding purposes. In addition, most hardiness traits were strongly intercorrelated (genetic correlations often exceeded |0.80|) indicating that these traits are controlled largely by the same set of genes and that selection for hardiness based on one trait will increase hardiness as reflected in the other traits as well. Genetic correlations were only moderate (0.49) between hardiness traits measured in different years, perhaps due to the large difference in severity of the drought applied in the two seasons. Although injury to seedlings, as reflected in foliage damage and xylem cavitation, was relatively low under the moderate drought of the second season, it did result in reduced growth increment the following (recovery) year. Growth potential under favorable moisture regimes was nearly uncorrelated with drought hardiness, suggesting that drought hardiness could be improved in this southwestern British Columbia breeding population without negatively impacting growth potential in favorable moisture conditions.
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  • Anekonda, T.S., Lomas, M.C., Adams, W.T. and Kavanagh, K.L. Genetic variation in drought hardiness of coastal Douglas-fir seedlings from British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 32(10): 1701–1716
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Bryan Bernart (bryan.bernart@oregonstate.edu) on 2009-09-25T23:32:29Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Anekonda Lomas Adams Kavanagh Aitken Genetic Variation.pdf: 328164 bytes, checksum: a4841609499c2b52bee872cdd40d5ff8 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Linda Kathman(linda.kathman@oregonstate.edu) on 2009-09-28T13:53:26Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Anekonda Lomas Adams Kavanagh Aitken Genetic Variation.pdf: 328164 bytes, checksum: a4841609499c2b52bee872cdd40d5ff8 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2009-09-28T13:53:26Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Anekonda Lomas Adams Kavanagh Aitken Genetic Variation.pdf: 328164 bytes, checksum: a4841609499c2b52bee872cdd40d5ff8 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2002-05-13

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