Structure of Offshore Flow Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/defaults/sn00b042b

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  • The horizontal and vertical structure of the mean flow and turbulent fluxes are examined using aircraft observations taken near a barrier island on the east coast of the United States during offshore flow periods. The spatial structure is strongly influenced by the surface roughness and surface temperature discontinuities at the coast. With offshore flow of warm air over cool water, the sea surface momentum flux is large near the coast and decreases rapidly with increasing offshore distance or travel time. The decrease is attributed to advection and decay of turbulence from land. The rate of decrease is dependent on the characteristic timescale of the eddies in the upstream land-based boundary layer that are advected over the ocean. As a consequence, the air– sea momentum exchange near the coast is influenced by upstream conditions and similarity theory is not adequate to predict the flux. The vertical structure reveals an elevated layer of downward momentum flux and turbulence energy maxima over the ocean. This increase in the momentum flux with height contributes to acceleration of the low-level mean wind. In the momentum budget, the vertical advection term, vertical flux divergence term, and the horizontal pressure gradient term are all of comparable magnitude and all act to balance large horizontal advection. An interpolation technique is applied to the aircraft data to develop fetch–height cross sections of the mean flow and momentum flux that are suitable for future verification of numerical models.
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  • Vickers, Dean, L. Mahrt, Jielun Sun, Tim Crawford, 2001: Structure of Offshore Flow. Monthly Weather Review, 129(5), 1251–1258.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Sue Kunda(sue.kunda@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-12-30T17:07:27Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 MahrtJielunSun.CEOAS.StructureOfOffshore.pdf: 209349 bytes, checksum: 8a272ee38a3863ae6ba8ac22ef0d9c91 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deborah Campbell (deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-12-07T17:02:23Z No. of bitstreams: 1 MahrtJielunSun.CEOAS.StructureOfOffshore.pdf: 209349 bytes, checksum: 8a272ee38a3863ae6ba8ac22ef0d9c91 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2011-12-30T17:07:27Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 MahrtJielunSun.CEOAS.StructureOfOffshore.pdf: 209349 bytes, checksum: 8a272ee38a3863ae6ba8ac22ef0d9c91 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2001-05

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