Temporal variability of Cd, Pb, and Pb, isotope deposition in central Greenland snow Public Deposited

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  • We present a decade-long (1981–1990) high-resolution (subseasonal) record of Pb and Cd concentrations and Pb isotopic composition in a series of 119 snow samples from a 6-m snow pit at Summit, Greenland. Both metals show order of magnitude seasonal variability, with maxima in spring of every year, coinciding with sulfate peaks. These short-term features complicate attempts to quantify secular decadal-scale trends associated with anthropogenic source changes (e.g., phasing out of leaded gasoline). A small (<50%) decrease during the decade is estimated for Pb, but no significant trend is observed for Cd. Mean concentrations for the snow pit (Pb = 216, Cd = 11 pmol kg¯¹) are indistinguishable from mean values for nearly continuous samples of the 1–6 m section of a firn core drilled 1 km away, suggesting freedom from contamination artifact. An evaluation of potential sources confirms that Pb and Cd are dominated by anthropogenic inputs. Isotopic ratios (²⁰⁶Pb/²⁰⁷Pb and ²⁰⁸Pb/²⁰⁷Pb) determined on a subset of snow pit samples of varying ages within the decade indicate that springtime Pb concentration maxima are consistent with a mixture of eastern European, former Soviet Union, and western European sources, while seasonal Pb minima, especially from the early portion of the decade, plot along a different mixing line, suggesting a mixture of U.S. and European sources. The combination of Pb concentration and isotopic composition are consistent with an estimated decrease in U.S. Pb contributions of about twofold over the decade, which predicts a decadal concentration decrease in the snow of ~30%. However, the secular trends in both concentration and isotopes are barely detectable against seasonal and interannual variability. The evidence for seasonally distinct source regions may be useful for interpretation of high-resolution records of other chemical species in Greenland snow and ice. Analyses of two deep core sections dated at 1699– 1700 and 1780–1788, compared to the snow pit data, indicate that both Pb and Cd deposition in central Greenland roughly doubled during the eighteenth century, then doubled again by the 1980s.
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  • Sherrell, R. M., Boyle E. A., Falkner K. K. , and Harris, N. R., 2000, Temporal variability of Cd, Pb, and Pb isotope deposition in central Greenland snow: Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., v. 1, On-line paper number 1999GC000007.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Linda Kathman(linda.kathman@oregonstate.edu) on 2010-03-01T14:40:26Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Sherrell_et_al_G3_2000.pdf: 560448 bytes, checksum: 6186477a1dc609b92e1e115fd2062d68 (MD5)
  • Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
  • Vol. 1 No. 1 (2000)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2010-03-01T14:40:26Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Sherrell_et_al_G3_2000.pdf: 560448 bytes, checksum: 6186477a1dc609b92e1e115fd2062d68 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2000-05-30
  • description.provenance : Submitted by David Moynihan (dmscanner@gmail.com) on 2010-02-26T23:03:33Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Sherrell_et_al_G3_2000.pdf: 560448 bytes, checksum: 6186477a1dc609b92e1e115fd2062d68 (MD5)
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  • 1525-2027

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