Switching Hemispheres: A New Migration Strategy for the Disjunct Argentinean Breeding Population of Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica) Public Deposited

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  • Background: Barn Swallows (Hirundo rustica) breed almost exclusively in the Northern Hemisphere. However, since the early 1980's, a small disjunct breeding population has become established in eastern Argentina, presumably by birds previously derived from those breeding in North America. Currently, it is unknown where these individuals go following breeding and how they have adjusted to a reversal in phenology. Their austral wintering period corresponds to the breeding period of the northern ancestral population and so they can potentially return to these more traditional breeding sites or they may occupy other South American wintering regions left vacant by conspecifics returning to the Northern Hemisphere. Principal Findings: We used a three-isotope (δ ¹³C, δ¹⁵N, δ²H) approach to investigate potential wintering areas in Central and South America of individuals breeding in Argentina. Feather isotope values differed from those expected and measured at local breeding sites in Argentina indicating molt after the austral breeding period and away from the breeding grounds. Potential molting origins were identified applying likelihood-based assignment methods to a δ²H isoscape for South America and dichotomous prior information on the distribution of C3 and C4 vegetation types based on modeled vegetation-δ¹³C values. Barn Swallows now breeding in Argentina have changed their migratory behavior but presumably use the same cues as those used by the ancestral population, molting their feathers during the austral winter, likely in northeastern South America.
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  • Garcia-Perez B, Hobson KA, Powell RL, Still CJ, Huber GH (2013) Switching Hemispheres: A New Migration Strategy for the Disjunct Argentinean Breeding Population of Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica). PLoS ONE 8(1): e55654. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0055654
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deborah Campbell(deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-04-02T15:18:03Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 22765 bytes, checksum: 56265f5776a16a05899187d30899c530 (MD5) license_text: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5) StillChristopherJForestEcosystemsSocietySwitchingHemispheresNew.pdf: 422862 bytes, checksum: 3b093ed68dcf488bf6b41d1717704262 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-04-02T15:18:03Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 22765 bytes, checksum: 56265f5776a16a05899187d30899c530 (MD5) license_text: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5) StillChristopherJForestEcosystemsSocietySwitchingHemispheresNew.pdf: 422862 bytes, checksum: 3b093ed68dcf488bf6b41d1717704262 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2013-01-31
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deborah Campbell (deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-04-01T19:59:51Z No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 22765 bytes, checksum: 56265f5776a16a05899187d30899c530 (MD5) license_text: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5) StillChristopherJForestEcosystemsSocietySwitchingHemispheresNew.pdf: 422862 bytes, checksum: 3b093ed68dcf488bf6b41d1717704262 (MD5)

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