An Atmospheric Teleconnection Linking ENSO and Southwestern European Precipitation Public Deposited

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  • Numerous studies have demonstrated statistical associations between the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and precipitation in the Mediterranean basin. The dynamical bases for these teleconnections have yet to be fully identified. Here, observational analyses and model simulations are used to show how ENSO variability affects rainfall over southwestern Europe (Iberia, Southern France, and Italy). A precipitation index for the region, named southwestern European Precipitation (SWEP), is used. The observational analyses show that ENSO modulates SWEP during the September–December wet season. These precipitation anomalies are associated with changes in large-scale atmospheric fields to the west of Iberia that alter low-level westerly winds and onshore moisture advection from the Atlantic. The vorticity anomalies associated with SWEP variability are linked to ENSO through a stationary barotropic Rossby wave train that emanates from the eastern equatorial Pacific and propagates eastward to the Atlantic and Mediterranean. Solutions of the linearized barotropic vorticity equation produce such eastward-propagating Rossby waves with trajectories that traverse the region of observed ENSO-related anomalies. In addition, these linearized barotropic vorticity equation solutions produce a dipole of positive and negative vorticity anomalies to the west of Iberia that matches observations and is consistent with the onshore advection of moisture. Thus, interannual variability of fall and early winter precipitation over southwestern Europe is linked to ENSO variability in the eastern Pacific via an eastward-propagating atmospheric stationary barotropic Rossby wave train.
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  • Shaman, Jeffrey, Eli Tziperman, 2011: An Atmospheric Teleconnection Linking ENSO and Southwestern European Precipitation. Journal of Climate, 24, 124–139.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deborah Campbell (deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-02-14T22:44:49Z No. of bitstreams: 1 ShamanJeffrey.CEOAS.AtmosphericTeleconnectionLinking.pdf: 4883067 bytes, checksum: af67b74edd52200efa120f3285a66ea7 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-02-14T22:44:49Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 ShamanJeffrey.CEOAS.AtmosphericTeleconnectionLinking.pdf: 4883067 bytes, checksum: af67b74edd52200efa120f3285a66ea7 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2011-01

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