Estimates of M₂ tidal energy dissipation from TOPEX/Poseidon altimeter data Public Deposited

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  • Most of the tidal energy dissipation in the ocean occurs in shallow seas, as had long been recognized. However, recent work has suggested that a significant fraction of the dissipation, perhaps 1 TW or more, occurs in the deep ocean. This paper builds further evidence for that conclusion. More than 6 years of data from the TOPEX/Poseidon satellite altimeter are used to map the tidal dissipation rate throughout the world ocean. The dissipation rate is estimated as a balance between the rate of working by tidal forces and the energy flux divergence, computed using currents derived by least squares fitting of the altimeter data and the shallow water equations. Such calculations require dynamical assumptions, in particular about the nature of dissipation. To assess sensitivity of dissipation estimates to input assumptions, a large suite of tidal inversions based on a wide range of drag parameterizations and employing both real and synthetic altimeter data are compared. These experiments and Monte Carlo error fields from a generalized inverse model are used to establish error uncertainties for the dissipation estimates. Owing to the tight constraints on tidal elevation fields provide by the altimeter, area integrals of the energy balance are remarkably insensitive to required dynamical estimates. Tidal energy dissipation is estimated for all major shallow seas (excluding individual polar seas) and compared with previous model and data-based estimates. Dissipation in the open ocean is significantly enhanced around major bathymetric features, in a manner consistent with simple theories for the generation of baroclinic tides.
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  • Egbert, G. D., and R. D. Ray, Estimates of M₂ tidal energy dissipation from TOPEX/Poseidon altimeter data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 106, C10, 2001.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Linda Kathman(linda.kathman@oregonstate.edu) on 2010-04-26T21:57:52Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Egbert and Ray JGR 2001.pdf: 3386321 bytes, checksum: b3e39fb9b881a813e8907d5ff01c49e5 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Mary Phan (mpscanner@gmail.com) on 2010-04-26T21:56:08Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Egbert and Ray JGR 2001.pdf: 3386321 bytes, checksum: b3e39fb9b881a813e8907d5ff01c49e5 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2010-04-26T21:57:53Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Egbert and Ray JGR 2001.pdf: 3386321 bytes, checksum: b3e39fb9b881a813e8907d5ff01c49e5 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2001-10-15

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