Household Determinants and the Resource Consumption: A Case Study of Baghmara Community Forestry in Nepal Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_projects/0r9675332

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  • This study examines the association of household characteristics with forest product consumption and other benefits derived from community forest in Nepal. The analysis is based on random sample data of 80 households from a Community Forest User Groups of Baghmara Community Forestry (BCF) in Nepal. Using an OLS regression to examine the impact of household determinants over the consumption of subsistence resources like firewood, grass and timber. We find that geophysical variable distance has negatively significant association with consumption of natural resources. Likewise, socio-economic variables: household size, wealth, participation, caste and household income have also a significant correlation with consumption of at least few of natural resources. Moreover, a second OLS regression was conducted to explore the correlation between household attributes and other benefits from BCF like financial assistance for toilet construction, assistance for child education and training programs. The result showed significant correlation of distance and some socio-economic attributes with those benefits. Based on this analysis, it can be inferred that upper caste, wealthier, nearby and bigger family size households get more benefits in term of both resources and assistance in comparison to lower caste, less wealthier, distant and smaller households, in contrast with the stated resource distribution mechanism in the institutional arrangement of the community forestry program. Thus, the study emphasized on more inclusive and participatory management approach; compensatory transfer schemes; transferable property rights over forest products as the policy implications to ensure efficient and equitable distribution of resources and benefits.
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