Graduate Project

 

The influence of aging dams and geography on the distribution of dam removals in the United States Public Deposited

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_projects/6682x454h

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract
  • Over 470 dams have been removed in the United States, and a significant increase in dam removals has occurred since the early 1990s. The aging of dams is often cited as the primary factor influencing removals; as dams surpass their functional life span, safety hazards, economic costs, and environmental concerns can increase significantly. However, the removal of dams has physical, economic, social, and political impacts and the distribution of dam removals may be influenced by factors other than age. By analyzing this distribution, this study aims to assess the various factors influencing the removals of dams. Understanding these guiding factors ultimately will assist in the development of policies for future dam removals and promote cooperation between the varied stakeholders in a particular region. With the help of other researchers, I created a database of dam removals in order to analyze the dam removal distribution in the United States. The database enabled an examination of three research questions pertaining to the distribution of dam removals: 1) whether the age of dams influences distribution; 2) whether political boundaries influence distribution, through the presence of state dam statutes; and 3) whether physical boundaries influence distribution, through the presence of coordinated river restoration projects involving dam removal. The results of this study show a spatially and temporally uneven distribution of dam removals in the United States. A weak trend toward removing older dams is apparent, suggesting factors other than age controlling dam removals. Political, or state, boundaries appear to influence the number of dam removals found within a particular region. These states that include provisions for dam removals within a state statute have the highest number of dam removals, on average. Physical, or river basin, boundaries also appear to influence dam removal distribution, although to a lesser degree. Several basins with the most dam removals have coordinated ecosystem or river restoration efforts that include dam removal. On average, the basins with coordinated restoration efforts have more recent dam removals compared to dam removals nationally, suggesting a trend toward basin-level restoration efforts that include dam removal. Other factors also appear to influence dam removal distribution as well, such as the presence of dam removal organizations and agencies and state-supported funding for dam removal.
License
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Academic Affiliation
Rights Statement
Publisher
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome, 8-bit Grayscale, 24-bit Color) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6670 in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Kaylee Patterson (kdpscanner@gmail.com) on 2012-07-03T17:30:01ZNo. of bitstreams: 1AshleySara.pdf: 17510287 bytes, checksum: a9406d5611fc03ed4a9981f2bcb04c98 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-07-10T21:49:35Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1AshleySara.pdf: 17510287 bytes, checksum: a9406d5611fc03ed4a9981f2bcb04c98 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-07-10T21:49:35Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1AshleySara.pdf: 17510287 bytes, checksum: a9406d5611fc03ed4a9981f2bcb04c98 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2004-02

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

Items