Graduate Project


Fish for the Future: Fisheries Conservation Developments and Lessons Learned from Squaxin Tribal, and Washington State, Salmon Fisheries Management Public Deposited

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  • Washington State fisheries and Washington State Treaty Tribes are becoming increasingly restricted in harvest of wild salmon due to US Endangered Species Act listings of salmon species, marine mammal predation by both ESA listed Southern Resident Killer Whale (SRKW) and US Marine Mammal Protection Act protected pinnipeds, salmon habitat destruction, salmon hatchery practices, overharvest, and hydroelectric dams. These factors have created challenges to salmon fisheries management and sharing of the salmon resources between the Tribes and Washington State Fish and Wildlife fisheries. Fisheries managers have primarily focused on restricting harvest on salmon species for recovery. Although this is an important management strategy, focus must also include improving and maintaining critical salmon habitat. In order for salmon fisheries to be sustainable, Federal, Tribal, State, and other governmental agencies need to prioritize funding for management and assessment of pinniped populations, recovery of SRKW, recovery of salmon stocks, and critical habitat. To improve relationships between Tribal and Washington State Fish and Wildlife managers as well as fisheries user groups, there is a need to be open to adaptive management approaches to provide equal harvest opportunity of the harvestable abundances of salmon as well as to provide education outreach to the user groups on the issues regarding recovery salmon populations, critical habitat, and SRKW.
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