The Influence of State Level Variation in Maternity Leave Policies on U.S. Mothers’ Labor Force Participation Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_projects/r207tr04n

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 guarantees mothers twelve weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave to care for and bond with a newborn child, however, upon implementation only 45 percent of workers were covered by this law due to strict eligibility requirements and the proportion of eligible workers is likely declining. Several states’ laws expand access to FMLA leave by reducing job tenure and employer size eligibility requirements. Other states provide more generous leave benefits by providing longer leave durations or by providing paid leave. Using national level data, this study examines the influence of variation in state maternity leave policies on mothers’ labor force participation following first childbirth. Results from a negative binomial regression show that the provision of unpaid, job-protected leave greater than twelve weeks was a marginally significant predictor of spending fewer years out of the workforce following childbirth. Further, results from a logistic regression reveal that expanding access to job-protected leave was significantly associated with a lower likelihood of mothers quitting their jobs within twelve weeks of their first childbirth. These findings decrease the uncertainty about the effects of such legislation on mothers’ labor force participation, but do not resolve the ambiguity surrounding the goals of maternity leave policy. However, policy makers working to address competing demands on mothers’ time between employment and domestic responsibilities should consider adopting policies that expand access to maternity leave to women working at businesses with fewer than fifty employees.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Advisor
Committee Member
Academic Affiliation
Keyword
Rights Statement
Language
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-07-08T23:25:37Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Clark_MPP_Essay.pdf: 575669 bytes, checksum: f4ee22cd1d1004f6d1ba7bdfffea857c (MD5) Previous issue date: 2013-06-12
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Brent Steel (bsteel@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-07-04T23:25:56Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Clark_MPP_Essay.pdf: 575669 bytes, checksum: f4ee22cd1d1004f6d1ba7bdfffea857c (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deanne Bruner(deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-07-08T23:25:37Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Clark_MPP_Essay.pdf: 575669 bytes, checksum: f4ee22cd1d1004f6d1ba7bdfffea857c (MD5)

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 07/25/2017

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley

Items