|Abstract or Summary
- At any given time, 60% to 85% of prisoners across the United States are struggling with substance addiction and dependence. Upon release, about two-thirds of former prisoners will reoffend and return to prison. Due to the high rate of substance use and abuse in prisons, drug treatment, specifically Correctional Therapeutic Communities (CTCs) can potentially help with reintegration. The community justice framework can explain the utilization of substance abuse treatment in prison. This framework calls for correctional facilities to create community partnerships to facilitate the reintegration of inmates into society upon release. CTCs are in-prison programs that utilize segregated housing, a structured environment, mentorship, and a progression of phases to treat substance use and abuse. In many cases, CTCs are followed by aftercare treatment or services to assist with reintegration. The purpose of this study is to determine what relationship CTCs have on recidivism, with or without aftercare treatment, via meta-analysis. Findings indicate that those participating in CTCs without aftercare are 39% less likely to recidivate compared to those not in a CTC. Those participating in CTCs with aftercare treatment are 56% less likely to recidivate compared to those not in a CTC or aftercare. Differences in magnitude between CTCs with aftercare and without are not statistically significant. These findings suggest that CTCs, with or without aftercare, have a small to moderate impact on decreasing recidivism among those in treatment. If CTCs are implemented nationwide with adequate funding, they have the potential to decrease recidivism, and build capacity in those communities that have former inmates returning to them.