- Involuntary movement, also known as forced displacement, has affected millions of people worldwide. At the end of 20th century, approximately 80 million people had been displaced due to hydropower projects, including approximately 22.5 million people in China. Dam-induced migration not only causes material loss, such as loss of homes and agricultural lands, but this migration also causes social capital loss, disrupting individuals’ long term sustainable social networks. In order to understand the factors that might affect social reconstruction in resettled communities, this research studies community social environments at four dam sites (Manwan, Dachaoshan, Xiaowan, and Nuozhadu) on the Lancang River in China. Data is drawn from the “Community Environment” section of The Lancang River Dam-induced Resettlement Survey (2010). This survey asked questions about participants’ economic health, social networks, and perceived well-being. Chi-square tests were used to compare the differences in survey answers between non-resettled and resettled communities at each dam site. The result indicated that the resettled communities of Manwan, Dachaoshan and Nuozhadu have higher community environment satisfaction than their non-resettled counterparts, while Xiaowan shows the opposite. Factors, like time for adaption, type of relocation compensation, as well as households’ income, labor, and other resources, and demographics (ethnicity and age), might affect social reconstruction in resettled communities. Identifying potential relationships among these factors and social capital will help to promote strategies for social reconstruction necessitated by future dam-induced displacement.
- Keywords: Yunnan, Resettlement, Community Reconstruction, Social Network, Social Capital