Does Medium of Instruction Matter? A Propensity Score Analysis of the effect of English Medium Education on Students Learning Outcomes in India Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_projects/z603r007h

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  • Over the past two decades there has been sharp increase in the demand for English-language skills in India. This led to a rapid expansion of English Medium Schools, more so in the private sector than the public sector. Recent studies have estimated the economic benefits of English-language skills but few studies have compared the educational performance of students from the English Medium Schools (EMS) versus Regional Medium Schools (RMS). This study seeks to address this gap in the literature. Specifically, this paper uses propensity score matching methods to examine whether students between 8 and 11 years old have higher reading, mathematics and writing scores when they attend EMS instead of RMS. The study makes use of the data from the Indian Human Development Survey (IHDS) that was collected by the National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) in collaboration with University of Maryland in 2005. The estimates from the propensity score matching analyses suggest that there is no significant difference in learning outcomes between the two groups. Based on the findings, I further discuss the policy implications, limitations of the study and the potential areas for future research.
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