Correlating science instruction with health instruction in a junior high school Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/05741v15k

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  • A study concerning the correlation of health and science instruction in the junior high school was undertaken for the following reasons: 1) Boys and girls in junior high schools need instruction in science; 2) The need for interesting students in health is well recognized; and 3) In many schools there are so many subjects included in the curricula that health instruction, as such, is frequently neglected. The author teachers health to the seventh and eighth grade girls in the Parrish Junior High School, Salem, Oregon. A need for science in the curricula of these grades was met by correlating science with the previously established health classes. The teacher had the practical problem of planning and putting into operation successful teaching units for these classes. Procedures used in making this study were: 1. Science and health courses of study from various school systems were studied. 2. Literature was read upon the subject of health instruction, science instruction, and the correlation of the two subjects. 3. Conferences were health with other health and science teachers. 4. Units of study correlating science and health instruction were planned and used in the author's classes. 5. A questionnaire asking about the teaching of health as a separate class and in correlation with others was sent to twenty-eight health and physical education teachers in twenty Oregon junior high schools. Nineteen teachers representing seventeen schools returned the questionnaire. Fifteen stated that separate classes for health instruction were held in their schools and four reported that health teaching was done through correlation with other subjects only. Ten of the fifteen reported that planned correlation with other subjects was carried on in addition to the special classes. The study has attempted to show that the correlation of science with health instruction is a desirable way of motivating health instruction and of introducing science into a curriculum from which it had previously been omitted. There has been no attempt made to set up a model program but merely to present a workable and educationally sound plan. Conclusions drawn from the study are: 1. Junior high school pupils are intellectually ready for instruction in such areas as personal hygiene, community health, and safety. Material in these fields may be presented through individual classes and/ or through correlation with other subjects. 2. Special classes for health and for sciences with correlation between the two and with other subjects seems to be the most desirable method of including these subjects in the curriculum but correlation of the two with no special science course has been a successful substitute. 3. Health and science material taught should be adapted to the pupils' experience and understanding. It should be taught in whatever way is most effective and this may vary under different circumstances and in different school systems. 4. Many opportunities for introducing and for clinching health facts arise in other fields. Some opportunities of this kind can be assured by planned "leads" in the lesson plans. Success of related teaching depends upon the ability of the teacher to make the most of these opportunities. 5. Health teachers should be well trained in the principles of teaching and health education and should have an adequate background in science related to health.
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