Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

Characteristics of Typhlodromus americanus Chant and Yoshida-Shaul (Acari: phytoseiidae) as a biological control agent of Oligonychus ununguis (Jacobi) (Acari: tetranychidae) Public Deposited

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/0g354h57w

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract
  • The life history, temperature, humidity, and feeding requirements of the phytoseiid predator mite, Typhlodromus americanus Chant and Yoshida-Shaul were tested in the laboratory. Occurance of the mite in the field during different times of the year was investigated as well. Effects of temperature and humidity on egg hatch, the feeding requirements of the larvae, the amount consumed by each life stage, the length of each life stage and suitability of different food sources were investigated in the laboratory. The use of the mite as a biological control agent was evaluated by using the information gained from the laboratory experiments. T. americanus was originally discovered in plantation grown Douglas-fir in western Oregon. Since that time the mite has been found on a number of other hosts throughout North America. The mite is active year round in the Christmas tree plantations of the Willamette Valley in Oregon. The adult is found in or near the one year old bud scars and the eggs are typically deposited there also. Life parameters were measured providing a net reproductive rate of 4.23, a mean generation time of 24.45 days, and an intrinsic rate of increase of 0.059 The intrinsic rate of increase was low when compared to other predator mites and numerical response to prey increase would not be possible with such a low rate. The optimal temperature for the shortest eclosion time (54.4 hr.) and the highest survival (96.4%) was 26°C. The regression of temperature vs. time to hatch gave a 90% R² with both the slope and intercept significantly different from zero. Humidities above 70% had survival rates over 96% and eclosion rates in the range of 50-58 hours. The relative humidity at which 50% of the population died was 58.6%. The mite was found to feed readily on the pest mite Oligonychus ununguis (spruce spider mite), as well as Tetranychus urticae (two spotted spider mite), and corn, oak, and Douglas-fir pollens. The larval form of the predator mite does not require food to molt to the protonymph, but the protonymph does require food to molt. If water is provided the entire time from egg to death, the protonymph can survive about ten days. Females consumed more Tet. urticae than males in both the immature and adult stages. The T. americanus that were fed corn pollen and Tet. urticae (complete diet) lived for over 115 days. Mites raised on oak and corn pollens did not survive as long (only 70-80 days), and those raised on Douglas-fir pollens did not reach adulthood. Egg production was observed on the complete diet, but not on the diets of pollen. The largest number of eggs were laid around the twelfth day after the molt to adult. Control and management of field conditions to improve habitat for T. americanus will be the best approach for its use as a biological control agent. As it does not respond numerically to prey increase, it will be more effective in a regulatory role to prevent these increases while the prey is at low levels.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Committee Member
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6670 in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-10-24T16:53:03Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 HortonReneN1996.pdf: 1917421 bytes, checksum: e4c217c696668f2cad45593cd422e6b7 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-10-24T21:55:12Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 HortonReneN1996.pdf: 1917421 bytes, checksum: e4c217c696668f2cad45593cd422e6b7 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1995-06-05
  • description.provenance : Submitted by John Valentino (valentjo@onid.orst.edu) on 2012-10-22T23:44:27Z No. of bitstreams: 1 HortonReneN1996.pdf: 1917421 bytes, checksum: e4c217c696668f2cad45593cd422e6b7 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-10-24T21:55:12Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 HortonReneN1996.pdf: 1917421 bytes, checksum: e4c217c696668f2cad45593cd422e6b7 (MD5)

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

Items