- The literature asserts that both the medical and educational
communities have forecast a potential for an AIDS
epidemic on college and university campuses. The experts
warn that without either a cure or a vaccine for AIDS, it
is only through education of "risk behaviors" that
devastation can be avoided.
A previous study of AIDS-related programs, policies,
and services was conducted in 37 Philadelphia area colleges
and universities to determine ideal priorities for AIDS-related
issues on campuses, and to assess the programs,
policies, and services that were currently in place. In
order to replicate the previous study, the original five-part
questionnaire was used in the current study.
Questionnaires were sent to 36 Oregon colleges and
universities in Oregon that offered either two-year
associate degree programs, four-year general baccalaureate
degree programs, or colleges and universities with general
post-baccalaureate programs. Speciality schools were
excluded in order to replicate the Philadelphia study.
Twenty-eight Oregon colleges and universities responded to
The data for research questions 1, 3, and 4 were
reported in percentages. Non-parametric statistics were
used to analyze data regarding current and ideal
programming. Chi square statistic was used to analyze
research question 2. Because of unusually small cell size,
data for research question 5 was also reported in percentages.
It was found that the programs, policies, and services
that are currently in place on the sampled campuses are
congruent with the respondent's conceptualized ideal
programming in the areas of the development of institutional
guidelines, adjustment in counseling services, and
the distribution of written AIDS-related information. It
was also reported that none of the Oregon institutions had
allocated any funds for the hiring of new personnel to
address the problems of AIDS on campus. There appeared to
be a definite trend for the larger schools, (> 3,000) to
have more AIDS-related programs, policies and services in
place than did the smaller colleges and universities.
The Oregon study showed a higher percentage of AIDS-related
campus activities in place than did the earlier
Philadelphia study, however, the results indicated there
is still a serious lack of focus on the issues surrounding
AIDS on campus.
Educational recommendations were offered in the areas
of guideline development, mandatory staff training, and
providing AIDS-related information to students. Recommendations
for future research should also focus on evaluation
of the effectiveness of programs, policies, and
services currently in place on college and university