The geography of the apple industry of the Chelan Valley, Washington Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/0g354m10m

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  • The Chelan Valley is one of several valleys located on theeastern slope of the Cascade Mountains contributing to the leadershipof Washington in apple production. Since the nature of theactivity in the Chelan Valley is typical of all these producing areas,it was selected as a case study of this important segment of theagricultural economy of Washington. The study presents an analysisof the principal factors, both environmental and human, basic to thelocalization of apple production in this valley. The structure,organization, and problems are examined and the potential isanalyzed.The principal findings are as follows: the physical requirementsof apples are nearly ideally met by the combined environmentalconditions of temperature, slope, soils, drainage andirrigation water supply. Development of the activity, however, hasbeen the responsibility of dedicated growers who have been quick both to perfect and to accept improved techniques in the interest ofselling a quality product on distant markets. This includes concentrationupon four varieties: Red Delicious, Golden Delicious, StandardDelicious, and Winesap. The Standard Delicious and Winesapwere the main early commercial varieties, but they are now beingreplaced by the Red and Golden Delicious varieties. It is the RedDelicious that has become famous as the Washington State apple.The typical orchard, in contrast to other forms of farming inthe nation, is small in acreage. A majority of units contain ten totwenty acres. Apple orchards in the Chelan Valley, however, rankamong the highest of the forms of agricultural land in value per acre.Much of the factual material presented in this thesis is applicableonly to the Chelan Valley, but conclusions and inferences areapplicable to the Washington State apple industry as a whole.
  • The Chelan Valley is one of several valleys located on theeastern slope of the Cascade Mountains contributing to the leadershipof Washington in apple production. Since the nature of theactivity in the Chelan Valley is typical of all these producing areas
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