A review of the family Eviphididae (Acarina: Mesostigmata) Public Deposited

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  • A complete taxonomic review of the Family Eviphididae was made for the first time. The family was found to contain forty-nine species and five genera. The genera included were: Eviphis Berlese, Scarabaspis Womersley, Alliphis Halbert, Pelethiphis Berlese, and Thinoseius Halbert. The new species described were: Eviphis oregonensis from Deschutes County, Oregon; Eviphis pugiosetosis from Central Africa; Alliphis reticulosternis from Mindanao Island, Philippines; Alliphis intermedius from Central Africa; Alliphis krantzi from Dutch East Africa and Tanganyika; Alliphis punctisternis from Central Africa; Alliphis crassicheles from Madagascar; Alliphis ritcheri from Oregon and Arizona, U.S.A.; Alliphis mellotti from Central Africa; Alliphis obesus from Kapanga, Congo; Pelethiphis lobosternis from Central Africa; and Pelethiphis garretis from Central Africa. The following genera were reduced to synonyms as indicated: Copriphis Berlese 1910 and Evimirus Karg 1963 for Eviphis Berlese 1903, and Crassicheles Karg 1963 for Alliphis Halbert 1923. The genus Iphidosoma Berlese 1892 was removed from the Eviphididae and transferred to the Family Rhodacaridae. The following species synonyms were noted: Alliphis alpinus Schweizer 1961 is Alliphis halleri Berlese 1892, and Alliphis halberti Ryke and Meyer 1957 is Alliphis evansi Ryke and Meyer 1957. The following species were shifted to other genera as indicated: Alliphis gurei Costa 1963 to Pelethiphis, and Pelethiphis equestris Berlese 1911 to Alliphis. Several species were removed from the family. These were: Eviphis concentricus Oudemans 1905, Alliphis oviforme Schweizer 1949, Alliphis bristowi Finnegan 1933, and Pelethiphis fragilis Vitzthum 1926. Their correct taxonomic position could not be determined. Most of the mites seen in this study were taken from scarabaeid beetles from the Central African Museum in Tervuren, Belgium. Additional material was obtained from private collections in the United States and Europe. The relationships between the genera and a possible phylogeny of the family were discussed.
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