Maize production and marketing in four districts of Zaire : an introductory economic analysis Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/0v838358c

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • In recent years Zaire has changed from a net exporter to a net importer of maize. Four districts of South Central Zaire were selected to investigate factors which limit the production and the supply of marketed maize grain in Zaire. Farmers in this area were interviewed to collect data on the number of crops planted, the peak periods for agricultural operation, the division of labor within the household and the labor force available for agricultural work. Survey procedures were also used to determine when and where farmers sell maize and who buys marketed maize. The effects on maize production of the policies of the central and regional governments were also investigated. During the sixties and early seventies, national investment policy has heavily favored the urban based manufacturing and mining sectors, undoubtedly contributing to the fact that many Zairians migrated from rural to urban areas. In the absence of a compensating increase in labor productivity, these migrations reduced agricultural output and the quantities of food crops sold, particularly, the quantity of maize delivered to urban markets. At the producer's level, this study indicates that low maize production is a consequence of inadequate storage for seed and consumption maize. The use of seeds of low quality for germination combined with production practices that result in untimely planting, weeding and harvesting contribute to low maize yields. This study also indicates that one of the factors which has contributed to limit the quantity of maize produced is a shortage of labor during peak periods of agricultural operations. Labor shortages exist because of the limited number of household members involved in agricultural work, and because of the division of labor in the household which assigns some agricultural tasks almost exclusively to women. The study also indicates that the effectiveness of the marketing system in providing incentives for maize production has been limited by weak transportation and communication links between production and consumption centers and by efforts of some traders to gain oligopsonistic power in their relations with maize producers in the more isolated areas. This study also indicates that national price policies have negatively affected maize production. Other regional and local policies have served to restrict interregional trade. The policy implications of this study suggest that a number of government programs may be helpful in increasing maize production and the supply of marketable surplus. These may include: (1) government information programs designed to improve maize storage, seed quality and the efficiency of the marketing system;. (2) diffusion of information on the appropriate times for planting, weeding and harvesting maize; (3) further promotion of the technological package developed by Programme National Mais and the provision of inputs and incentives favorable to the adoption of this technology; (4) providing incentives for the promotion of a greater participation of all household members in agricultural production; and (5) some mechanical assistance for plowing such as is now provided by two government supervised production organizations, CAKO and TABAZAIRE. Indications from this study also suggest that a successful implementation of such programs would necissitate some reorganization of the extension service and diverting a larger share of government current and investment expenditures to agriculture.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome, 256 Grayscale) using Scamax Scan+ V.1.0.32.10766 on a Scanmax 412CD by InoTec in PDF format. LuraDocument PDF Compressor V.5.8.71.50 used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-11-22T20:56:46Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 MWAMUFIYAMBUKI1977.pdf: 2999327 bytes, checksum: 6fea69771f082ae20311ba30474c3677 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-12-09T21:55:42Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 MWAMUFIYAMBUKI1977.pdf: 2999327 bytes, checksum: 6fea69771f082ae20311ba30474c3677 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2011-12-09T21:55:42Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 MWAMUFIYAMBUKI1977.pdf: 2999327 bytes, checksum: 6fea69771f082ae20311ba30474c3677 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1976-06-11
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Erin Clark (ecscannerosu@gmail.com) on 2011-11-22T19:35:09Z No. of bitstreams: 1 MWAMUFIYAMBUKI1977.pdf: 2999327 bytes, checksum: 6fea69771f082ae20311ba30474c3677 (MD5)

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 08/15/2017

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley

Items