Effect of untrained and trained peer tutors on the motor performance of students with developmental disabilities in integrated physical education classes Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/0z708z676

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of untrained and trained peer tutors on the motor performance of students with developmental disabilities in integrated physical education classes. This study utilized a single subject delayed multiple baseline design across subjects. Six elementary age students with developmental disabilities and six nondisabled peer tutors participated in the study. The students were videotaped during their physical education class and data were analyzed on discrete motor skill responses. The students were assigned to one of two protocols. Protocol 1 consisted of three conditions; baseline, assistance by an untrained peer tutor, and assistance by a trained peer tutor. The results of Protocol 1 data revealed that trained peer tutors were effective at assisting subjects with developmental disabilities improve their motor performance, while untrained peer tutors were not. As a result of these findings Protocol 2 which consisted only of baseline and assistance by trained peer tutors, was utilized to replicate and provide additional support for the effect of trained peer tutors. The results of Protocol 2 revealed that trained peer tutors were effective at assisting subjects with developmental disabilities improve their motor performance in integrated physical education classes. Trained peer tutors were provided with instruction in the following three teaching areas: cueing, feedback, and reinforcement. The cueing techniques followed the system of least prompts and included verbal cueing, modeling, and physical assistance. Feedback information consisted of positive general and positive specific reinforcement. Peer tutors were trained over two 30 minute sessions. Pre-established criteria required the peer tutors to implement the teaching behaviors with the researcher a minimum of 4 out 5 times, and receive a score of 90% or better on the peer tutor quiz. All peers were successful at meeting this criteria. Data were collected on the tutors' teaching behaviors throughout the study via a wireless microphone. The results of the peer tutor data revealed that the tutors were able to implement the tutor training program. The results of this study demonstrate that elementary age peer tutors can be trained to provide assistance to students with developmental disabilities in integrated physical education classes. Recommendations for future research are provided based on the results of this study.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Committee Member
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome, 8-bit Grayscale) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6770A in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-12-05T20:00:12Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Houston-WilsonCathy1994.pdf: 5397258 bytes, checksum: 3d38d3f10c42db195f65d9bc378a60e5 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-12-05T21:52:58Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Houston-WilsonCathy1994.pdf: 5397258 bytes, checksum: 3d38d3f10c42db195f65d9bc378a60e5 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Kaylee Patterson (kdpscanner@gmail.com) on 2012-12-05T19:56:04Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Houston-WilsonCathy1994.pdf: 5397258 bytes, checksum: 3d38d3f10c42db195f65d9bc378a60e5 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-12-05T21:52:58Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Houston-WilsonCathy1994.pdf: 5397258 bytes, checksum: 3d38d3f10c42db195f65d9bc378a60e5 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1993-08-12

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

Last modified

Downloadable Content

Download PDF

Items