Application of stream classification and historical land uses for managed riparian systems of Eastern Oregon Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/0z709203f

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  • Twelve stream segments in the Silvies River drainage system were classified in the fall of 1993 and again in 1994, using a morphological classification of natural rivers (Rosgen 1994). Bankfull flow of stream channels is the key feature of this system. Measurement of bankfull is used in the calculation of entrenchment ratio and width/depth ratio. Analysis of the differences of the averages between years in bankfull measurements showed that despite being consistently repeated at the same locations along the channel, the measurements were found to be different (p=0.000163 for entrenchment ratios and p = 0.0208 for width/depth ratios). Bankfull was found to be a non-repeatable field measure, therefore, a poor benchmark for a classification scheme. Historical information collected for the study area indicated a history of domestic livestock use that dates back as far as the mid-nineteenth century. Although grazed by livestock for several years, settlement of the Bear and Silvies Valleys occurred mostly around the turn of the twentieth century after the stockgrower's homestead acts were passed. Ownership today is dominated by large (relative to the homestead days) ranches.
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