Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

Perceptions about mother-daughter relationships during daughters' childbearing Public Deposited

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/1831cn15g

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  • The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in contact, emotional closeness, and aid exchange in the mother-daughter, relationship during daughter's first pregnancy. According to the literature reviewed, women increase contact with and become emotionally closer to their mothers with pregnancy. It appears that pregnant women have increased feelings of closeness to their mothers even though pregnant women are more likely to receive more aid from their mothers than they give. Mothers may become emotionally closer to their daughters because the grandchildren are seen as a stake in the future or they may remain distant from their daughters as they change their lives at middle age. Unbalanced aid exchange between generations also tends to have a negative impact on emotional closeness. The participants were middle-class women, 18 to 30 years old, married or in a stable relationship with a male partner, and expecting their first child. Their mothers also participated. Daughters were recruited from obstetrical practices and prenatal classes; their mothers were recruited by mail. The sample of 64 mother-daughter pairs was stratified into four groups based on gestational age of daughters' pregnancies. A non pregnant control group of 12 mother-daughter pairs was included. Data were collected through a two-wave mail survey. The questionnaires consisted of instruments measuring contact patterns, aid exchange, emotional closeness (Walker & Thompson's Attachment and Intimacy Scales), equity (Tilden's Interpersonal Relationships Inventory), and demographic data. Mailings were eight weeks apart. The design of this study was cross-sequential. Associations among the dependent variables were explored with correlation (Pearson's r). Changes in contact, emotional closeness, equity, and aid exchange were analyzed with repeated measures MANCOVA with dyad partner and period of data collection as the repeated variables. The non-repeated variable was the group assignment based on gestational age. Distance between the partners' residences was the covariate. Mothers reported greater emotional closeness and equity than daughters, while daughters reported that they received more help than mothers. Between data collection periods, daughters' emotional closeness and equity increased while mothers' decreased. Emotional closeness was more strongly associated with equity than with aid exchange for both mothers and daughters. None of the differences was related to pregnancy.
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