A study of counselor trainees on the variables of self-concept, gender, styles of counseling, and choice of family therapy as a specialty Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/1831cn609

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  • The aim of this study was to determine whether counselors in training chose various specialties due to their level of self-concept, counseling style, and gender. It was hypothesized that there would be a significant difference in self-concepts, counseling styles, and gender between individuals who chose family counseling and those who chose other specialties in Counselor Education. Self-concept was assessed by the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale (TSCS) and counseling styles by the Counseling Orientation Scale (COS). The Texas Social Behavior Inventory (TSBI) was correlated with the TSCS for 23 subjects at one college and a positive correlation was found. The sample was drawn from two public and one private college counselor training centers in the Northwest. This sample was composed of 51 graduate master students (n=51) specializing in family counseling and 57 graduate master students (n=57) drawn from other specialties in counseling from the three institutions. Results of those who chose family counseling were compared to those who chose all other counseling specialties. An analysis of variance of self-concept and counseling styles scores compared the two groups. There was no significant difference in the overall self-concept scores nor in counseling styles of the two groups. Significant differences did exist at the .05 level on two of the self-concept sub-scales (R-1, Identity, and C-4, Family Self). The mean self-concept scores of the other specialties were higher than the mean self-concept scores for family counseling on both sub-scales. There was no difference in counseling styles. A Chi-Square analysis revealed no significant sex difference between the two groups. The fact that these sub-scales indicated a lower self-concept for family counseling specialties and no differences in counseling styles highlights the need for future research which may help counselor educators select students into family counseling based on adequate self-concepts and appropriate counseling styles conducive to successful family counseling. As it stands, the findings of the study that trainees with relatively low self-concept and/or a preference for non-directive counseling styles are at variance with the literature associated with successful family counseling and have implications for future selection of practitioners into family counseling specialties.
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