Nutritional and managerial considerations for wintering beef cattle in the northern Great Basin Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/1j92gc354

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • A study was conducted to determine effects of year and season on diet quality of beef cattle grazing northern Great Basin rangelands from 1990 to 1993. Forage quality was high early in the growing season, then declined as seasons progressed (P<.05). Plant chemical composition was higher early in the growing season in 1992 and 1993 (P<.05). Later in the season, quality was higher in 1990 and 1991 (P<.05). Changes in precipitation amount and distribution and variations in temperature between years were determined to be the primary factors affecting yearly changes in diet quality. Research addressing the potential of winter grazing as a grazing management plan in the northern Great Basin was conducted during the winters of 1991-92 and 1992-93. Feeding 2 kg/d of alfalfa hay or pellets on a daily or alternate day (4 kg) basis did not affect cow or calf performance, intake, digestibility or grazing behavior (P>.10). Intake, digestibility, diet quality and time spent grazing estimates decreased in period 2 (mid-January) versus period 1 (early December). Cow performance was lower the first 28 days of the study (P<.05), improved by day 56, then declined again at day 70 (P<.05). Animal response to winter environmental conditions were estimated during the winter of 1992-93. Moving from a grazing to a hay-feeding situation increased forage intake, digestibility and digesta kinetics (P<.05), while reducing grazing behavior (P<.05). Cow body weight increased and body condition decreased as the study progressed (P<.05). Animals responded positively to slight environmental stresses initially when environmental conditions remained relatively mild. As environmental conditions worsened, animals reduced intake and grazing behavior in response to increased stress (P<.05). Attempts to estimate daily intake by grazing animals appeared to be successful. Effects of early spring grazing of rangeland utilized in a winter grazing program were determined in 1992 and 1993. Cow-calf pairs grazed the selected pasture in mid to late March. In November, estimates of total forage production and plant chemical composition were obtained from grazed and ungrazed sites. Spring grazing reduced total forage production (P<.05); estimates of diet quality collected from esophageal steers were similar between treatments (P>.10). Estimates of forage production were higher and diet quality lower in 1993 (P<.05).
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Committee Member
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome, 256 Grayscale) using Capture Perfect 3.0 on a Canon DR-9050C in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-11-05T21:22:00Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 BrandyberryStevenD1995.pdf: 15872949 bytes, checksum: 876ac9bd7af2deee88aed029443fe20f (MD5)
  • 1995
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Kirsten Clark (kcscannerosu@gmail.com) on 2012-11-05T19:05:19Z No. of bitstreams: 1 BrandyberryStevenD1995.pdf: 15872949 bytes, checksum: 876ac9bd7af2deee88aed029443fe20f (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-11-05T21:22:00Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 BrandyberryStevenD1995.pdf: 15872949 bytes, checksum: 876ac9bd7af2deee88aed029443fe20f (MD5) Previous issue date: 1994-06-02
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-11-05T21:08:04Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 BrandyberryStevenD1995.pdf: 15872949 bytes, checksum: 876ac9bd7af2deee88aed029443fe20f (MD5)

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 10/19/2017

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley

Items