Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

Response of field corn to irrigation, plant population, and nitrogen on soils of the Willamette catena Public Deposited

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/2227mt00f

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  • The purpose of this study was to make a preliminary investigation of the productivity of some of the soils within the Willamette catena under different systems of soil management. The study was carried out at four experimental sites near Corvallis, Oregon, during the 1962 growing season. The soil at each site was representative of a different soil series. The soil series were Willamette, Woodburn, Amity, and Dayton which are well-drained, moderately well drained, imperfectly drained, and poorly drained, respectively. Productivity was measured in terms of shelled corn yield. The eight treatments (systems of soil managements) were different combinations of irrigation, plant population, and nitrogen fertilization practices. The irrigation treatments were irrigated and non-irrigated. The Ievels of plant population were 9000, 14000, 18000, and 22000 plants per acre. The rates of nitrogen fertilization were 60 and 180 pounds of N per acre. A second objective of this study was to measure the response of field corn to each of the three soil management practices. Data pertaining to the effects of the three practices on shelling percentage and ear moisture at harvest, as well as grain yield, were collected. There were significant yield responses to irrigation when accompanied by higher levels of plant population at all sites. Generally, yield responses to higher levels of plant population and the higher rate of nitrogen fertilization were measured on the irrigated plots, but not on the non-irrigated plots. The shelling percentage on the irrigated plots was higher than that on the non-irrigated plots only at the Amity and Dayton sites. Apparently, plant population and nitrogen had no effect on shelling percentage. The amount of moisture in the ears at harvest was apparently not affected by irrigation, plant population, and nitrogen fertilization practices. In general, the productivities of the soils at the Willamette, Woodburn, and Amity sites were similar and significantly greater than at the Dayton site under all systems of soil management.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-05-30T15:07:28Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 AndersenJimmie1964.pdf: 5162017 bytes, checksum: e4a7cd69c2876b65e9aeaf5253f47380 (MD5)
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