|Abstract or Summary
- The purpose of this study was to develop a programmed learning
booklet concerned with the care of groups of young children. The
instructional material was designed to be used in homemaking and
occupational programs. The criteria for developing the program were
(a) that it be geared to the student with no previous experience in playschools
or day care centers, (b) that the reading level be at approximately
the eighth grade level, and (c) that the content be appropriate
The programmed material is in the branched form with most of
the initial questions offering a choice of three different responses.
The program covers seven different areas of working with young children.
Each of the seven areas is covered in a separate booklet so each
booklet can be utilized either singly or with the others to form a unit.
The booklets are entitled; Health and Safety, Atmosphere, Consistency,
Achieving Desired Actions, Giving Children Responsibility,
Interaction and Acceptance.
The initial program was written after consultation with
specialists in the field of child development. The original program
was then reviewed by four university home economics education staff
members, a child development professor, a university nursery
school teacher, two junior high homemaking teachers, two high school
homemaking teachers of child development, and three home economics
occupational education teachers. Eleven of the 14 contacted responded
with comments and suggested improvements. In addition to the
professionals, 14 ninth grade students at North Albany Junior High
School in Albany, Oregon, used the programmed material in their
homemaking class. The suggestions and comments of the professionals
and the student responses were used as a basis for the revision
of the programmed instructional unit.
As the program was written, periodic checks were made to
determine the reading level of the material. Ten samples were
selected and analyzed with the Dale-Chall Formula for Predicting
Readability. Analysis showed that the eighth grade was the highest
reading ability required, while most of the programmed material was
at the sixth to seventh grade level.
The format of the program offers versatility in its use. The
separate booklets allow individual parts of the program to be used
alone as well as allowing the program to be used in its entirity. This
programmed instructional unit can be used to initially expose students to working with groups of young children, as a review for more
advanced students, and as a reference. To carry out the above uses,
the program can be utilized as an independent study, a homework
assignment, or make-up work for the absent student.
As the need for more child care facilities grows, so grows the
need for educated personnel to man the facilities. It is hoped that this
programmed instructional material will help fill the gap of instructional
material needed to efficiently educate personnel in caring for
the young children of this nation as well as educate students to successfully
assume the responsibilities of parenthood.