Factors affecting circulating growth hormone binding protein in chickens Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/2b88qg936

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  • Growth hormone binding protein (GHBP) may be an important factor in the regulation of growth as well as an indirect, less invasive way of predicting the status of growth hormone receptors. Several factors (age, nutritional status, sex, and glucocorticoid administration) have been reported to influence circulating growth hormone (GH) levels, growth hormone receptor (GHR) activity and/or GHBP in mammalian species. Therefore, the studies conducted in this research were designed to determine if these factors have any affect on serum GHBP in the young broiler chicken. Serum GHBP activity was expressed as a percent specifically bound ¹²⁵IhGH (%SB), as measured by a dextran-coated charcoal assay. Serum GHBP activity was highest (mean %SB= 14.6 ± 1.2) at hatch aniedecreased linearly (r= -.9516) to 4 wk of age (mean %SB= 4.1 ± 0.6). Sex had no significant affect on serum GHBP activity from hatch to 4 wk of age. Short term nutrient deprivation (24 h fast) of 4 wk old birds had no significant affect on serum GHBP activity, nor did refeeding. Feeding birds nutrient poor diets (low energy, low protein or low energy and low protein) did not significantly affect serum GHBP activity when compared to birds fed a commercial broiler diet. Pulsatile delivery of cortisone acetate (1, 5 and 10 mg/d/b) had no affect on serum GHBP activity at any dose. These results suggest that serum GHBP activity in the chicken is not affected by many factors which do influence GHBP in mammalian species. The lack of response to nutrient deprivation and cortisone acetate may be a factor related to the age of the birds used in these studies.
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