The occurrence of social support among students living in residence halls Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/2f75rc42z

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  • The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of social support within different living groups. It also determined if there were a combination of variables that contribute to social support. The independent variables included interpersonal orientation, sense of identity, adjustment to college, grade point average, gender of subject, and participation in extracurricular activities. The sample consisted of freshmen who lived in coeducational halls, single sex halls and in off-campus housing. These subjects completed the inventory of Social Support Behavior, the Erwin Identity Scale, the College Freshmen Adjustment Scale and the Interpersonal Orientation Scale. Of the 515 surveys distributed, 305 (50%) were returned. One-way analysis of variance compared the levels of social support in the three different living groups. Correlation coefficients were used to determine if significant relationships existed between social support and the independent variables. Multiple regression was used to determine which variables were the best predictors of social support. Results indicated a significant difference in the level of social support experienced by the living groups. Significant relationships existed between social support and the variables of interpersonal orientation and adjustment to college. The regression equation indicated that these two variables were also the best predictors of social support. A negative correlation existed between social support and grade point average. Women in single sex residence halls experienced the greatest degree of social support. Interpersonal orientation and adjustment to college were found to be key variables that influence the level of social support within a residence hall setting. The inverse relationship between grades and social support suggested the importance of peer relationships for the student experiencing academic difficulty.
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