Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

Effect of peer group presence on the gross motor performance of young children Public Deposited

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/2j62s9147

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract
  • The purpose of this study was to determine if passive peer group presence had a significant effect on the performance of students on the Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD). Fifty-eight volunteer nonhandicapped children aged five, eight, and ten years were subjects for the study. There were 18 subjects aged five years and 20 subjects in each of the eight and ten year age group. Subjects were volunteers from Crooked River Grade School and a preschool classroom in Prineville, Oregon. The subjects were free from obvious physical or mental disabilities. Subjects were tested on the 12 skills of the Test of Gross Motor Development (Ulrich, 1985). These skill items included seven locomotor, and five object control skills. All 58 subjects were administered the TGMD twice. One test session was conducted with the subject and the experimenter present. Another test session was conducted with four of the subject's peers and one adult observer present as a passive audience. Subjects were randomly assigned to an initial testing condition to counterbalance any effect of one condition over the other. To reduce observational learning, the peer audience was comprised of children who were not subjects or subjects who had previously completed all testing. All subjects were tested under both conditions during a two week period. A 3 x 2 (age x condition) analysis of variance (ANOVA) for the individual skills indicated only the run and gallop to be significantly different by condition. These two skills were the first skills tested, which may have contributed to the difference in performance. All skills had significant differences by age, except the run and leap. This finding would be expected as 5-, 8-, and 10-year-olds commonly perform skills differently, with older children generally having more skills mastered. Ulrich (1985) reported acceptable discrimination power of the TGMD skills by age level. The mastery level of the subjects on the run and leap was very high and therefore, the means did not differ significantly among age groups. There were no significant interactions of age x condition for any skill. This study revealed more subjects performing at a mastery level in the nonpresence than presence condition, but significant differences were noted in only two skills, run and gallop. This result does not seem to coincide with the generally accepted theory of simple tasks being sensitive to social facilitation. The performance difference may be due to an order effect. The run and gallop were the first skills performed during each test session. Apprehension of audience reaction may have inhibited performance of the initial skills. The effect of an audience was apparent at the beginning of a testing session. The skills of run and gallop were the first two skills tested in each testing session and, whether mastered or not, results indicated these skills were influenced by the presence of a passive peers.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6770A in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 5.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-06-25T23:59:41Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 BatesMargaretK1990.pdf: 705570 bytes, checksum: 3d1dbc2a8884026f923a073a376d432a (MD5) Previous issue date: 1989-07-28
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Kaylee Patterson (kdpscanner@gmail.com) on 2013-05-02T22:37:09Z No. of bitstreams: 1 BatesMargaretK1990.pdf: 705570 bytes, checksum: 3d1dbc2a8884026f923a073a376d432a (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-05-08T15:29:47Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 BatesMargaretK1990.pdf: 705570 bytes, checksum: 3d1dbc2a8884026f923a073a376d432a (MD5)
  • 1990
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-06-25T23:59:40Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 BatesMargaretK1990.pdf: 705570 bytes, checksum: 3d1dbc2a8884026f923a073a376d432a (MD5)

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

Items