Development of self-instructional materials for learning beginning sewing skills Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/2r36v078x

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  • This was a two part study to develop self-instructional material to meet the needs of students and teachers in an individualized clothing construction program. First, two self-instructional kits were prepared, called Skills of Sewing Kits (SoS Kits), to teach stay-stitching and a lapped zipper application. Each kit contained guidelines for using the kit, general information about the technique, practice material on tissue paper, and a self-evaluation device. A teacher kit was also prepared which included additional teaching aids and suggestions for using the material, In developing the kits the investigator endeavored to keep in mind the theories of learning and the needs of students and teachers indicated by findings from experiments with individualized programs. The kits were field tested by 30 eighth grade girls in two heterogeneous classes as part of an experimental program to find the most effective instructional material for use in an individualized clothing program. The second part of the study involved a two part evaluation of the goals of the study. The students completed a written evaluation form and a tape recorded interview was made by the investigator and two teachers. Conclusions were drawn from the positive and negative ratings and comments made in the evaluations, and from these, recommendations were formulated for the future use of SoS Kits, The results indicated that students saw SoS Kits as being of most value in helping them learn to follow directions (80 percent), learn a new technique (70 percent), and to feel more confident when they had to work on their projects (60 percent). The teachers concluded that: - SoS kits were an excellent technique for individualizing instruction. - the role of the teacher changed. - the opportunity to practice helped students considerably. - students could work at their own rate. - learning and retention was increased. - using the kits required more time than conventional teaching methods. - most of the students liked using self-instructional material. - the kits did not motivate students. - external rewards might help motivate some students. - students displayed less frustration, especially on their zipper applications. - availability of a range of kits would help teachers cope with individual differences. - students might not be motivated to use SoS Kits to learn construction techniques not included in a project. - the kits were of most help to average students. - practice material could be used for demonstration and display purposes. - practice material could be used for pretests. - the kits could be used as a conventional teaching tool. - teachers had more time to help individual students. - teachers would use the kits if they were available on a commercial basis for a reasonable fee. Based on the findings of this limited study, the investigator concluded there was a real and urgent need for this type of self-instructional material in the clothing construction area. It was recommended that the investigator or some designated company produce a range of Skills of Sewing Kits to cover the basic sewing techniques. These should be made available on a re-order basis, for a nominal fee, to any teacher desiring to use the material, either in an individualized program or in a traditional program.
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