A study of the relationship between perceived realism and the ability of children to create, manipulate and utilize mental images in solving problems Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/2r36v1716

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  • The purpose of this study was to determine whether a relationship exists between perceived realism of computer graphic images and the ability of children to solve spatially related problems. Experiments were performed using 23 subjects between the ages of 8 and 11 who were enrolled in an elementary summer school program in Novato, California. Two different computer apparatuses were used: computer workstations and a cyberspace system developed by Autodesk, Inc. The workstation treatment incorporated three booklets to instruct the subjects on how to solve five different spatial relationship problems. The cyberspace treatment included two scripts to guide the subjects in solving two different spatial relationship problems. Four cognitive ability tests were administered to the subjects. The dependent variable (i.e., spatially related problem solving) was measured with the Differential Aptitude Test. The three other measures (Minnesota Paper Form Board Test, Mental Rotation Test, and the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking) were used to partial out any effects which visualization abilities and the ability to mentally manipulate two-dimensional figures, displacement and transformation of mental images abilities, and creative thinking might have had on spatially related problem solving. It was concluded that the relationships between perceived realism and spatially related problem solving, and creative thinking and spatially related problem solving are inconclusive at this time, but worthy of further study. Furthermore, the ability to visualize and mentally manipulate two-dimensional figures, and mentally displace and transform three-dimensional objects are predictors of spatially related problem solving abilities. Finally, cyberspace is highly promising and deserves extensive development as an instructional tool.
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  • Master files scanned at 600 ppi (24-bit Color and 256 greyscale) using Capture Perfect 3.0.82 on a Canon DR-9080C in TIF format. PDF derivative scanned at 300 ppi (24-bit Color and 256 B&W), using Capture Perfect 3.0.82, on a Canon DR-9080C. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2009-06-22T15:53:34Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Merickel_Mark_L._1991.pdf: 4559101 bytes, checksum: 99260e3b21b6fe111bdf6e23a1fa6f10 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Patricia Black (patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2009-06-22T15:44:56Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Merickel_Mark_L._1991.pdf: 4559101 bytes, checksum: 99260e3b21b6fe111bdf6e23a1fa6f10 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2009-06-22T15:53:35Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Merickel_Mark_L._1991.pdf: 4559101 bytes, checksum: 99260e3b21b6fe111bdf6e23a1fa6f10 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2009-06-22T15:53:24Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Merickel_Mark_L._1991.pdf: 4559101 bytes, checksum: 99260e3b21b6fe111bdf6e23a1fa6f10 (MD5)

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