Initial spatial motion of a rigid body on removal of one constraint Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/2z10wt22k

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  • This thesis presents a discussion of motion of a six-legged walking machine following removal of one leg constraint. To take a step, one leg must be lifted and placed at some other position. As soon as the constraint provided by the leg is removed, however the machine begins to fall. This falling motion can be represented as screw motion of the body center of mass and of body-leg attachments. First a study of body workspace of the machine was done with all six feet on the ground. Body workspace is the intersection of kinematic and force workspaces. Kinematic workspace is the volume in space where the center of mass can be placed such that all joint angles of legs are within specified limits; and force workspace is the volume in space where the force in all legs is compressive. The affect of various foot positions, pitches and heights of the center of mass were investigated to find a set of three symmetric foot positions that might constitute acceptable intermediate positions in a walking sequence. Motion of the center of mass in the forward direction is limited in the force workspace by two points at which the force on a pair of legs goes to zero. With the center of mass at each of these two positions, the screw parameters resulting from the release of force on one leg (front, middle and hind individually) could be determined. Dynamic simulation of these body and foot positions used the commercial software SD/FAST. Code was written in C to do both static and dynamic simulation of machine and merged with code generated by SD/FAST. Code was also written in Auto Lisp to plot the falling motion of machine. Screw parameters found in this study were such that sustained forward motion of the body could not be achieved using the falling motion alone. Other measures such as extending one or more of the remaining five legs would be needed for effective forward body motion.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-12-11T19:29:40Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 BatraAjoy1994.pdf: 3677158 bytes, checksum: 23b27cf0d320d76f11f574e3617c38e0 (MD5)
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-12-11T20:22:23Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 BatraAjoy1994.pdf: 3677158 bytes, checksum: 23b27cf0d320d76f11f574e3617c38e0 (MD5)

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